351. Lanius vittatus

351. Bay-Backed Shrike.
Lanius vittatus, Valenciennes, Dict. Sc. Nat. xl. p. 227 (1826) ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 280 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 462 ; L. hardwickii (Vigors), P.Z.S. 1831, p. 42 ; (Gould), Cent. Himal. B. pl. 12, fig. 1.
Pachanak, Hindu ; Chota-kilotora, Beng.
Male ad. (India). Forehead extending to the forepart of the crown, and a broad band extending round the eye and over the ear-coverts deep black ; crown behind the black band white, darkening into grey on the nape and hind neck ; back and scapulars deep chestnut-maroon ; rump white ; upper tail-coverts grey ; wings black externally margined with rufous buff ; middle tail-feathers black, the rest white at base, otherwise black tipped with white, the outermost nearly all white ; chin, throat, and under parts white, the breast and upper abdomen fulvous ; the flanks dark rusty red ; bill black, paler at the base of the mandible ; legs blackish plumbeous ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.55, wing 3.4, tail 3.5, tarsus 0.85 inch. The female is paler and duller in colour and lacks the black frontal band.
Hab. Afghanistan, Baluchistan and the peninsular of India east to Bhutan ; the Rajmehal hills and Midnapore to the east, and Mysore and the foot of the Nilgiris to the south.
Like its congeners it inhabits the bush-covered plains, low thorny jungle, groves, gardens, and hedgerows, and in general habits does not differ from them. In the Himalayas it ascends to an altitude of 4,000 to 5,000 feet. The breeding season extends from April to September, but the eggs are chiefly deposited in June and July, The nest is placed on a tree or in a bush or hedge and is compactly built of twigs, grass-stems, cobwebs, wool, rags, and feathers, and neatly lined with fine grass or roots. The eggs 4 to 6 in number are greenish grey, grey, or yellowish stone-colour, finely blotched or spotted with pale purplish shell-markings and yellowish brown or dull brown surface-blotches, averaging about 0.83 by 0.66.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
351. Lanius vittatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Bay Backed Shrike
Bay-backed Shrike
Lanius vittatus
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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