350. Lanius minor

350. Lesser Grey Shrike.
LANIUS MINOR.
Lanius minor, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 308 (1788) ; Naum. ii. p. 15, Taf. 50 ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 68 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 14 ; Newton, i. p. 205 ; Dresser, iii. p. 393, pl. 149 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 235 ; Saunders, p. 149 ; Lilford, ii. p. 71. pl. 33.
Pic-grieche d'Italie, French ; Averla cenerina, Ital. ; Grauer Wurger, German ; Chernolobui Sorokoput, Russ.
Male ad. (Piedmont). Upper parts delicate blue-grey, paler on the rump and scapulars ; quills black, brownish towards the tips ; secondaries tipped with white ; wing-coverts black ; a conspicuous white speculum ; tail as in L. elegans ; forehead, feathers round the eye, and ear-coverts black ; cheeks, chin, throat, and under tail-coverts white ; rest of under parts rose- pink ; bill and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.55, wing 4.6, tail 3.9, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female differs in having less black on the forepart of the head ; a narrow frontal white band crosses the forehead and it is otherwise varied by a few blackish feathers. The young bird has no trace of the black forehead, the upper parts are ashy grey with fine transverse brown bars, the under parts dull yellowish white.
Hab. Central and southern Europe, accidentally in Britain. ; Asia Minor, Persia, Turkestan and Dzungaria, east as far as the basin of the Ili in Kuldja, and north to 56° or 57° N. Lat. in Western Siberia, wintering in Africa as far south as Damara-land and the Tati river.
Frequents bush-covered plains, gardens, and groves, but not forests, and does not affect the hills nor marshy localities. It is not shy, and may generally be seen perched in some exposed place. With other birds it is quarrelsome. Its flight is light and easy, its usual note a harsh shek, shek, its call-note kioia, kwiell and perletch and it is a remarkably clever mimic. It feeds chiefly on insects and their larvae, and also on fruit. It breeds in May, its nest resembling that of its allies and is placed on a high bush or a tree. The eggs from 5 to 7 in number are pale bluish green with purplish grey shell markings and brown surface-spots and blotches, in size averaging about 0.95 by 0.62.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
350. Lanius minor
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
350
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
236
Common name: 
Lesser Grey Shrike
M_ID: 
19086
M_CN: 
Lesser Grey Shrike
M_SN: 
Lanius minor
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10483

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