356. Lanius cristatus

356. BROWN RED-TAILED SHRIKE.
LANIUS CRISTATUS.
Lanius cristatus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 134 (1766) ; Bogd. Sorokop. Russk. Faun. p. 3, pl. 1. fig. 1 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 271 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 468 ; L. phoenicurus, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. i. p. 405 (1811) ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 498.
Daurski Sorokoput, Russ.; Kakhati Beng. ; Kher-Khetta, Hindu ; Batti-gadu, Tel. Hnet-beloo, Burm.
Male ad. (Dauria). Upper parts reddish brown, more rufous on the crown ; wings dark brown margined with rufous, the lesser wing-coverts like the hack ; no white alar speculum ; tail reddish brown, paler at the tip ; lores and a patch passing through the eye and extending over the ear-coverts black ; forehead, supercilium, cheeks, chin, and throat white ; rest of the under parts rufous buff ; bill pale plumbeous, the upper mandible from the nostril, and the tip of the lower mandible dark horn ; legs bluish brown ; iris dark brown ; eyelids plumbeous. Culmen 0.7, wing 3.5, tail 3.6, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female has the supercilium creamy white, the under parts isabelline, the flanks rufous buff, these and the breast faintly vermiculated, and the young have the upper parts distinctly barred and the under parts vermiculated with dark brown.
Hab. Asia, from the Yenesei to Kamchatka and Dauria, and from Yarkand to the east coast of China ; wintering in India, Ceylon, the Andamans, Burma, the Malay peninsula, and as far south as Java.
Frequents bush-covered plains especially near water, and is also found in the vast marshes where the rivers empty themĀ¬selves into Lake Baikal, but not in the forests. Its call-note resembles the syllable keh, frequently repeated. Its nest resembles that of L. collurio, and is placed on a bush or low tree never at any great height above the ground. Its eggs, 4 to 6 in number, resemble rufous eggs of L. collurio, but are, if anything, rather smaller, averaging about 0.82 by 0.62. The eggs are deposited late in May or in June.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
356. Lanius cristatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
356
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
240
Common name: 
Brown Red Tailed Shrike
M_ID: 
19048
M_CN: 
Brown Shrike
M_SN: 
Lanius cristatus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10091

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