Lanius collurio, Lin.
260bis. :- Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 463.
THE EUROPEAN RED-BACKED SHRIKE.
Length, 7.5 ; wing, 3.5; tail, 3.5 ; tarsus, 0.96 ; bill at front, 0.56; bill from gape, 0.81.
Bill black, paler at base of lower mandible; irides dark brown ; legs black.
A conspicuous black streak from the nostrils, widening so as to include the whole , of the lores, eyes and ear-coverts; the fore-head and the whole top and back of the head, between the black stripes, pale grey, darkening on the occiput and nape; scapulars and interscapulary region brownish-chesnut; lower back duller and more rusty ; rump and upper tail-coverts light grey, the feathers just perceptibly darker shafted; wings hair-brown ; primaries and their coverts very narrowly, and secondaries, and tertiaries very broadly margined with dull pale and bright rusty-chesnut respectively; the tail black, all but the central tail-feathers white at their bases, and the external feathers on each side 0.4 shorter than the others, narrowly tipped white and with nearly the whole of their outer webs white ; the entire under parts white, but the breast, abdomen, sides, and flanks with a rich vinaceous tinge.
There is a small white spot at the base of the fourth long primary on the outer web, only visible, however, when the larger-coverts are somewhat deranged.
The European Red-backed Shrike was discovered by Major Butler in the neighbourhood of Deesa, during the' latter part of the rains in September, 1874.
This is the only instance on record of the occurrence of the bird within the Indian Empire.