478. Lanius collurio.
The Red-backed Shrike.
Lanius collurio, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 136 (1766) ; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 463; Hume, Cat. no. 260 bis; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 435; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 286; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 145. Enneoctonus collurio, Blyth, Cat. p. 153.
Coloration. Feathers at the base of the upper mandible and a broad band through the eye to the end of the ear-coverts black ; forehead, crown, nape, hind neck, rump, and upper tail-coverts bluish grey; back, scapulars, and the visible portions of the wing-coverts dull chestnut; quills and primary-coverts dark brown margined with pale rufous ; the tertiaries almost entirely rufous with pale margins ; the four middle tail-feathers black; the others two thirds white, then black and tipped white; lower plumage white, tinged with pink on the breast and abdomen.
The nestling is rufous above and pale fulvous below, finely and closely barred with black or dark brown.
Iris dark ; legs and feet black; bill black, pale at base of lower mandible (Butler).
Length about 7.5; tail 3.2 ; wing 3.6; tarsus .95; bill from gape .8.
Distribution. This Shrike was obtained by Colonel Butler at Deesa in Northern Guzerat in September. Dr. Scully states that it occurs in Gilgit during the autumn migration, and he observed it in that district in September and November. It has not been recorded from any other portion of the Empire.
In summer this Shrike is found in Turkestan, and westwards to Europe. In winter it extends to South Africa *.