Yunx (Iynx) torquilla, Lin.
188. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 303; Butler, Guzerat ; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 459 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 386; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 115; Iynx torquilla, Jerd.; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 62.
THE COMMON WRYNECK.
Length, 7.5 ; expanse, 11.5 ; wing, 3.5 ; tail, 2.5 ; tarsus, 0.98 ; bill at front, 0.5 ; bill from gape, 0.78.
Biil horny-brown ; irides crimson ; legs greenish-horny.
Above, a beautiful speckled grey, with a broad irregular line from the crown to the middle of the back, dark brown, with black stripes; lores whitish, and sometimes the chin; sides of the throat, cheeks, and breast, pale buff-yellow, with narrow transverse bars ; a brown stripe runs from each eye through the ear-coverts, extending along the side of the neck, and another darker and narrower from the base of the lower mandible down the sides of the throat; between these is a buff or isabella band, finally becoming albescent; breast and upper part of the belly fulvous-white with narrow cross lines, pointed anteriorly, and passing into small triangular black linear spots on the lower abdomen, vent, and under tail-coverts, which are whitish; the wings are fulvous-brown, minutely speckled, and with some fulvous spots, and a black longitudinal band on the scapulars ; lower part of belly fulvous-white, with narrow cross lines, pointed anteriorly, passing into small triangular black linear spots ; the quills are barred with deep brown and isabella; rump and tail speckled grey, the former with black longitudinal streaks, the latter with three darker broad bands, and a fourth subterminal one.
The Wryneck, though not common, occurs throughout our limits as a cold weather visitant.