1936. Ithaginis cruentus

(1936) Ithaginis cruentus (Hardw.).
Ithaginis cruentus, Fauna B. I., Birds 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 352.
The birds of this genus are among the Game-Birds of the highest altitudes, even breeding in snow. The present bird is found in Sikkim and Nepal, the Gogra probably forming its Western limits, while in the East it extends into Bhutan, though how far we do not yet know.
* Doubtless when we get more material and know bettor the exact ranges of the various forms of Ithaginis it may be necessary to degrade some now ranked as species to subspecies. For the present I prefer to retain the classi¬fication as in the ‘Fauna.’
Hooter Writes of its habitat:—“This frequents the mountain ranges of Eastern Nepal and Sikkim at elevations varying from 10,000 to 14,000 feet, and is very abundant in many of the valleys among the forests of pine (Abies webbiana) and juniper.”
Jerdon saw a family party on the Singalila ridge at 12,000 to 14,000 feet, where, now at all events, the jungle consists principally of dense ringal, though in the valleys there is thick mixed vegetation of Rhododendrons, Birch and much undergrowth.
Blanford says that all the birds he saw “were in the pine forests around Yeomatong.”
Ae regards its breeding, all that has been recorded is Hodgson’s note to the effect that “the nest is placed on the ground amongst the grass and bushes, a loose nest of grass and leaves. The eggs, 10 to 12 in number, are laid towards the end of April and in May, and the young are ready to fly in July.
“Only the mother feeds and cares for the young,”
Many years ago I had sent me from Sikkim two clutches of eggs said to be those of this bird, both taken at an elevation between 10,000 and 12,000 feet by Mr. W. Macgregor. They were laid on the ground in hollows scratched in fallen leaves at the foot of bushes in Pine-forest. The eggs were very like those of Scotch Grouse ; at the time no one had any idea what the eggs of this bird were like, no skins were sent me, and so they were returned to the sender. Now we know that they were quite correctly identified. The egga were exactly the same as those of kuseri taken by Molesworth.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1936. Ithaginis cruentus
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Blood Pheasant
Blood Pheasant
Ithaginis cruentus
Vol. 4
Term name: 

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