102. Cossypha gutturalis

102. White-throated Chat.
Cossypha gutturalis Guerin. Rev. Zool. p. 162 (1843) ; Guer. and Lafresn. in Ferr. et Galin. Voy. en Abyss, iii. p. 201, pl. v. (1847) ; Dresser, B. of E. ii. p. 347, pls. 53, 54 ; (Seebohm), Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 304 : Irania filoti, Defilippe. Arch. Zool. Modena, ii. p. 381 (1863), Saxicola albigularis, Pelz. Sitz. Ak., Wiss. Wien, xlviii. p. 150 (1863).
Male ad. (Asia Minor). Upper parts lead-grey, wings blackish, tail black ; lores, scapulars, and sides of throat glossy black ; superciliary stripe and a narrow line from the chin widening till it reaches the breast pure white ; breast and underparts yellowish rufous ; centre of abdomen white washed with pale rufous ; under wing-coverts rufous, thighs lead-grey tinged with rufous ; bill and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.65, wing 3.75 tail 3.0, tarsus 1.05 inch. The female has the upper parts and wings brownish grey, tail black, sides of head, neck and upper breast brownish grey ; a dull white spot on the throat ; lower breast and under parts otherwise dull white ; flanks and breast washed with rufous. The young male has the rufous on the under parts replaced by buff. The nestling is greyish brown marked with sandy brown spots and streaks, the lower breast and abdomen dull white.
Hab. Asia Minor, Palestine, Western Turkestan, and Persia wintering in Africa south of Abyssinia.
In its habits it has much affinity with Aedon galactodes and frequents rough, rocky, and bush- or tree-covered localities, and when it settles on a bush or stone has a habit of jerking its tail. It is very shy and difficult of approach, for it creeps about amongst the rocks and bushes with great ease. Its song is clear and bell-like, and would rival that of the Nightingale if it were more prolonged. Its nest is placed low down on a low tree or bush, and in size, materials and position, resembles that of Aedon galactodes, being constructed of dry twigs and strips of bark, the upper part of fine grasses mixed with plant cotton and down with woollen threads and rags interwoven. The eggs, 4 or 5 in number, are deposited in May, and are pale greenish blue, marked all over, but more profusely at the larger end, with small rusty yellow dots and spots, and in size measure about 22.5 by 16.0 millimetres (0.88 by 0.63 inch).

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
102. Cossypha gutturalis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
White Throated Chat
White-throated Robin
Irania gutturalis
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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