1004. Indicator xanthonotus.
The Yellow-backed Honey-guide.
Indicator xanthonotus, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xi, p. 166 (1842); xii, p. 942, pl.; xiv, p. 198; id. Cat. p. 65; Jerdon, Ill. Ind. Orn. pl. 50; id. B. I. i, p. 306; id. Ibis, 1872, p. 10; Hume, S. F. i, p. 313; Stoliczka, ibid. p. 425; Hume, Cat. no. 190; Shelley, Cat. B. M. xix, p. 3; Sharpe, Yark. Miss., Aves, p. 108. Indicator radcliffi, Hume, Ibis, 1870, p. 529; Jerdon, Ibis, 1872, p. 10. Pseudofringilla xanthonotus, Hume, S. F. i, p. 314 (1873). Pseudospiza xanthonota, Sharpe, Rowley's Orn. Misc. i, p. 207.
Coloration. Broad forehead, edges of a few sincipital feathers, and cheeks golden yellow; crown and sides of head including area round the eyes, back and sides of neck dusky yellowish olive, feathers of the crown with dark centres; feathers of upper back and scapulars, wing-coverts and quills blackish brown, all except the primaries and their coverts narrowly fringed with yellowish olive; inner webs of secondaries and tertiaries with whitish margins ; middle of back pure yellow, lower back and rump orange-yellow; upper tail-coverts and tail-feathers blackish brown, except the outermost (shorter) tail-feathers, which are paler and greyer; lower parts dark grey; the chin, throat, and fore neck tinged with yellow;. breast and abdomen with blackish shaft-streaks, broader behind vent; feathers and under tail-coverts blackish with pale edges; wing-lining whitish, edge of wing buff.
Bill yellow, ashy towards the tip; iris dark brown ; naked orbital area pale green; feet pale greenish horny (Stoliczka).
Length about 6 ; wing 3.8; tail 2.4 ; tarsus .6; bill from gape .5.
Distribution. This species, which is very rare, has hitherto been found only in the Himalayas, in Sikhiro, and also near Murree and Abbottabad, but nowhere in the intervening area.
Habits, &c. The only published observations are by Stoliczka, who shot a male close to Dungagali near Murree. This bird had a heavy flight like Megalaima, and in the stomach were several specimens of a predatory wasp and a small quantity of green vegetable matter.