162. Hypolais rama

162. SYKES’S WARBLER.
HYPOLAIS RAMA.
Hypolais rama, (Sykes), P.Z.S. 1832, p. 89 ; Dresser, P.Z.S. 1874, pl. lxxix. (nest and eggs) ; id. ix p. 91 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 84 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 391 ; H. obsoleta, (Severtz.) Turk. Jevot. pp. 66, 129 (1873) ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 86 ; Oates, tom. cit. p. 393.
Koktalghu, Turki ; Tchourlentki, Tekki, in Transcaspia.
Male ad. (Transcaspia). Differs from H. pallida in being smaller darker in colour both above and below, and has a longer first and a shorter second primary. Culmen 0.57, wing 2.4, tail 2.15, tarsus 0.82 inch ; first primary 0.35 longer than the coverts, the second intermediate between the 7th and 8th or the 8th and 9th. In the autumn the under parts are washed with buffish brown.
Hab. Transcaspia, Turkestan, south-west Persia, Kashmir, Sind, and south-eastern Mongolia, wintering throughout the whole peninsula of India, south to the Nilgiris and east to Dinapore and Lohardugga.
In general habits is said to resemble H. caligata but its note differs. It frequents bush-covered localities and tamarisk-thickets, especially in or near damp localities, and is much commoner on the plains than in the hills. Its song is some¬what feeble but agreeable, and is generally uttered from the top branch of a bush. It breeds from the latter part of April to the early part of June and places its nest in a low bush near the ground ; constructing it of fine tamarisk-twigs, plant-stems, grass-bents and vegetable down, interwoven with spiders’ webs and cocoons, and lined with vegetable down, camels’ wool, and occasionally a few feathers. The eggs 4 or 5 in number, are dull French white with pale purplish grey underlying shell-spots and blackish brown surface-spots, irrregular lines and scratches, which are often collected and form a wreath round the larger end. In size they average about 0.61 by 0.49.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
162. Hypolais rama
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
162
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
112
Common name: 
Sykes’s Warbler
M_ID: 
23283
M_CN: 
Sykes's Warbler
M_SN: 
Iduna rama
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
11015

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