160. Hypolais pallida

160. OLIVACEOUS WARBLER.
HYPOLAIS PALLIDA.
Hypolais pallida, (Hempr. and Ehr.), Symb. Phys. fol. bb, (1828) ; Dresser, ii. p. 537, pl. 80, fig, 1 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 82 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 392 ; H. elaica, (Lindermayer), Isis. p. 342, 1843.
Male ad. (Egypt). Upper parts dull pale olivaceous brown paler on the rump ; wings and tail dark brown with paler margins ; an indistinct yel¬lowish stripe from the base of the bill over the eye ; under parts buffy white, throat and middle of abdomen nearly pure white, flanks washed with pale brown ; bill horn-brown, lower mandible yellowish at base ; legs pale horn-brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.62, under mandible 0.22, broad at base, wing 2.63, tail 2.2, tarsus 0.83 inch ; first primary extending 0.27 beyond the coverts, and 1.15 shorter than the 2nd, second 0.2 shorter than the 3rd, third and fourth equal. The female and young do not appreciably differ from the male.
Hab. South-eastern Europe, Western Asia and North¬eastern Africa in summer, occurring rarely as far west as Italy, extending east through Asia Minor and Transcaspia to Persia, Turkestan, and Bokhara, and south as far as Abyssinia, wintering further south in Africa.
Restless uneasy and shy this species is often seen but is difficult to obtain as it creeps about amongst the foliage with the greatest ease. It frequents groves, orchards, and bush-covered places both in the valleys, in damp localities and also to an altitude of 6,000 feet. It is an industrious songster, and its song has been compared to that of H. icterina and also to that of the White-throat, but is louder and not so hurriedly uttered. Its nest is usually placed in the fork of a branch of a low tree, well concealed, and is neatly constructed of dry plant and grass-stems, moss, and fine rootlets, intermixed with brown thistle-down and lined with fine rootlets, down, and occasionally a horsehair or two. The eggs 4 or 5 in number are deposited in June, and are pinky grey with dark spots and dots and an occasional dark streak. Occasionally but rarely the spots are collected round the larger end ; in size they average about 0.67 by 0.51.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
160. Hypolais pallida
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
160
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
110
Common name: 
Olivaceous Warbler
M_ID: 
23284
M_CN: 
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler
M_SN: 
Iduna pallida
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10590

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