408. Phylloscopus indicus.
The Olivaceous Willow-Warbler.
Sylvia indica, Jerd. Madras Journ. L. S. xi, p. 6 (1840). Phyllopneuste indicus (Jerd.), Blyth, Cat. p. 183. Phylloscopus indicus (Jerd.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 194; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xxxviii, pt. ii, p. 181; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 486; Hume, Cat. no. 562; id. S. F. xi, p. 220; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 229. Lusciniola indica (Jerd.), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 126.
The Olivaceous Tree-Warbler, Jerd.
Coloration. Upper plumage earthy brown, with a tinge of yellowish on the rump ; wings and tail brown, very slightly margined paler, the outer tail-feathers narrowly tipped with white ; a distinct deep yellow supercilium from the nostrils to the nape, shading off into buff; sides of the head brown mingled with buff; lower plumage buffish yellow, slightly dusky on the breast and sides of the body ; axillaries and under wing-coverts brown.
Legs, feet, and hill greenish yellow, the bill blackish on the culmen ; iris brown (Hume Coll.).
Length rather more than 5; tail 2.4; wing 2.5; tarsus .75; bill from gape .55; first primary .6 to .7 ; the second is about equal to tenth or somewhat longer.
Distribution. A winter visitor to the plains and lower ranges of the Himalayas, being found as far south as Jalna, in Hyderabad, and Chanda. In the north-west it seems to be rare. I have seen a specimen from Murree, but from nowhere else in the Punjab, nor from Sind, nor from the northern parts of Rajputana, above Jodhpore. To the east P. indicus is fairly common in all parts of Bengal, and has been observed in Assam at Dollah, in the Dibrugarh district, and at the foot of the Garo hills.
In summer this bird retires to the higher ranges of the Himalayas, and it breeds in Kashmir, although its nest does not appear to have been found as yet.
Habits, &c. Blanford observes that this Warbler differs some¬what in habits from allied species, and is often seen running about vertical stems of trees, to which it clings like a Nuthatch.