176. Lusciniola Aedon

176. THICK-BILLED WARBLER.
LUSCINIOLA AEDON.
Lusciniola aedon, (Pallas.) Reis. Russ. Beichs. iii. p. 695 (1776) ; (Schrenck), Reis. &c. Amurl. i. p. 367, Taf. xii. figs. 1, 2, 3 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 121 ; Tacz. J.f.O. 1873, Taf. (eggs) i. ; Pleske, Prjevalsky’s Reisen, ii. Taf. iii. fig. 1 ; id. Orn. Ross. ii. p. 381 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 390.
Tschok-tschok, Russ.
Male (Dauria). Upper parts fulvous olive brown, rump brightest ; quills and tail brown with fulvous brown margins ; no eye-stripe ; under parts buffy white, paler on the chin, throat, and abdomen ; flanks, vent, and under tail-coverts washed with buff ; upper mandible pale horn, under mandible flesh-colour ; legs and eyelids plumbeous ; iris amber brown. Culmen 0.8, wing 3.25, tail 3.4, tarsus 1.1 ; first quill 0.8 long, second intermediate between the 7th and 8th, 3rd and 4th nearly equal and longest. In the autumn the upper and under parts are washed with russet brown and in the young birds this tinge is more strongly developed. Sexes alike.
Hab. South-eastern Siberia from the Yenesei to the Pacific, and Northern China ; wintering in India, Burma, Malacca, and the Andamans.
Frequents humid and marshy places, bushes or low trees close to water, or, on passage, bushes on the plains ; extremely shy, it hides amongst the dense herbage on the least sign of danger. Its call-note resembles the syllables tschok, tschok, hence its Russian name, and its song is deep and melodious and is uttered throughout the day, but especially in the evening. It breeds in June, and places its nest from one to five feet above the ground on a willow or birch bush or a Spiraea. The nest is deep cup-shaped constructed of dry grasses and well lined with fine grass and sometimes horsehair. Its eggs 4 to 6, usually 5 in number, are rosy red, seldom rusty red, marked with pale brown or rusty yellow shell-blotches and tine twisted brown surface-streaks, sometimes pale rosy red without marking, and the surface is polished and smooth. In size they average about 23 by 16.1/2 millimetres (0.91 by 0.65 inch).

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
176. Lusciniola Aedon
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
176
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
124
Common name: 
Thick Billed Warbler
M_ID: 
23273
M_CN: 
Thick-billed Warbler
M_SN: 
Iduna aedon
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
11032

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