1137. Larus ichthyAetus

1137. Great Black-headed Gull.
LARUS ICHTHYAETUS.
Larus ichthyaetus, Pall. Reise Russ. Reichs, ii. p. 713 (1773) ; Dresser, viii. p. 369, pl. 598 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 176 ; id. Manual, p. 669 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 299 ; Lilford, vi. p. 48, pl. 21.
Rybak, Russ. ; Charabalta, Tartar.
Male ad. (Volga). Head and upper neck jet black ; above and below the eye a white spot ; mantle French-grey ; lower neck, upper back, tail, and under parts white ; primaries white, the first with the outer web, and a bar near the tip black, the rest with subterminal black bars ; secondaries French-grey broadly tipped with white ; beak yellow, crossed by a broad red patch, and near the tip a black bar ; legs yellow, webs orange ; iris dark brown. Culmen 3.4, wing 18.8, tail 7.5, tarsus 2.8 inch. In winter the head is white, more or less streaked with brownish black.
Hab. South-eastern Europe, but has been obtained in Greece, Hungary, Sardinia, Switzerland (?), and once in the south-west of England ; North-east Africa in winter, south to Nubia ; Palestine and Asia Minor ; Asia, east to Eastern Turkestan, Mongolia, and Tibet; south to India, Burma, and Ceylon in winter.
Frequents the sea coasts, large rivers, lakes, &c., and like its allies feeds on small fish, insects, &c. I do not find any definite information respecting its breeding habits, but eggs from Sarepta, on the lower Volga, are dull stone-drab in ground¬colour, streaked and blotched with light and dark umber-brown, and measure 2.95 by 2.8.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1137. Larus ichthyAetus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1137
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
827
Common name: 
Great Black Headed Gull
M_ID: 
4514
M_CN: 
Pallas's Gull
M_SN: 
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10283

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