389. Mieroscelis psaroides ganeesa

(389) Microscelis psaroides ganeesa (Sykes).
THE SOUTHERN INDIAN BLACK BULBUL.
Microscelis psaroides ganeesa, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 372.
This Black Bulbul is found in all the hill-ranges of Southern India South of Matheran. McMaster also obtained it at Chikaldar in the Garwilgarh Hills in Berar. It is also found over all the hills of Ceylon. In the Nilgiris they are found up to 8,000 feet, and probably everywhere ascend to the summits of the highest hills in each range.
As regards Ceylon, Wait writes (‘Birds of Ceylon,’ p. 55) :— “Common in the well-wooded parts of the low country damp zone and in the hills, but rarely met with in the dry forest tracts. It appears to visit the highest elevations in the dry weather. The breeding season is from January to about April. The nest is a rather untidy cup of dead leaves,' roots and moss placed in a fork of a branch, generally at some height from the ground. There are usually only two eggs.” In addition to the months for breeding mentioned by Wait, Phillips has taken fresh eggs in May, August and September. Like so many Ceylon birds, these Bulbuls probably have a very erratic breeding season.
In Travancore Stewart found them breeding principally in April and May, between 4,000 and 6,000 feet in dense forest.
In the Nilgiris they breed from May to June (Davison) ; March (Carter) ; March to June (Wait and Darling).
In Coorg they breed in May (Bates) and in the Neliampatty Hills April and May (Kinloch).
The nest is just like that of the Himalayan bird and is placed, usually at great heights from the ground, according to Rhodes Morgan sometimes as much as 60 feet from the ground. Sometimes, however, it builds much lower down. Bates in his interesting book, ‘Bird Life in India,’ writes:—“Of the Black Bulbul’s nests one, found on May 8th, was in a decidedly unusual position, being barely five feet from the ground in a thickish bush close to a forest side. The other, taken on the 6th, was in a more normal position, resting in a fork in a horizontal branch of a small forest tree in a clump at the edge of the Race Course. Even this was rather low down, as it was certainly not more than 15 feet up.”
Bates’s beautiful photographs of this bird’s nests would seem to show that on the whole they are more untidily built and less compact than the nests of our Northern birds, though they are very similar in other respects.
The eggs almost invariably number two only and none of Hume’s correspondents appear to have found more. On the other hand, I have had more than one record of single eggs being incubated.
The eggs are generally described as being like those of the other members of this genus and, to some extent, this is correct. As a series, however, they differ in being much less boldly and hand¬somely marked. The most common type is a white, or almost white, egg speckled, not very densely, with red-brown or purple- brown spots of no size. Blotched eggs are quite exceptional, as are eggs with a pinkish ground-colour.
As a series, too, the eggs are shorter, broader and with more obtuse small ends.
Forty-five eggs average 26.6 x 19.6 mm. : maxima 29.0 x 19.4 and 27.0 x 20.0 mm. ; minima

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
389. Mieroscelis psaroides ganeesa
Spp Author: 
Sykes.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
389
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
343
Common name: 
Sourn Indian Black Bulbul
M_ID: 
22319
M_CN: 
Square-tailed Bulbul
M_SN: 
Hypsipetes ganeesa
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
13575

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