271. Hypsipetes ganeesa.
The Southern-Indian Black Bulbul.
Hypsipetes ganeesa, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 80; Blyth, Cat. p. 339 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 255; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 78; Blyth, Ibis, 1865, p. 42; McMaster, J. A. S. B. xl, pt. ii, p. 211; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 400; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 296; Hume, Cat. no. 446; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 469 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 39 ; Butler, S. F. ix, p. 401; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 185; Davison, S. F. x, p. 383; Oates in Hume's N. E. 2nd ed. i, p. 107. Hypsipetes nilgherriensis, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. x, p. 245 (1839); Blyth, Cat. p. 207; Jerd. B. I. ii, pp. 78, 872; Hume, N. & E. p. 280; id. Cat. no. 445.
The Neilgherry Black Bulbul; the Ghat Black Bubul, Jerd.; Kele Kondiya, Ceyl.
Coloration. Resembles H. psaroides, but the plumage is of a much darker shade of grey, and the grey of the sides of the head is not in strong contrast with the black crown; there is no black streak either behind or under the ear-coverts, the grey of this part being confluent with that of the lower plumage; the grey spot over the lores is absent, and there is less white on the abdomen.
Bill orange-vermilion ; feet orange-yellow ; iris hazel dyed with lake-red (Fairbank).
Length about 9.5 ; tail 4; wing 4.7: tarsus .75; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. The hill-ranges of "Western India from Matheran to Cape Comorin ; Ceylon. It is noteworthy that McMaster procured this bird at Chikalda on the Gawilgurh hills in Berar. It is found at all elevations, but not usually below 4000 feet.
Habits, &c. Breeds from March to June, making a shallow cuplike nest of grass and leaves in trees at all heights up to about 60 feet from the ground. The eggs are usually only two in number, and resemble those of H. psaroides. They measure 1.08 by .75.