694. Hypothymis azurea eeylonensis

(694) Hypothymis azurea ceylonensis Sharpe.
Hypothymis azurea ceylonensis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 272.
The present subspecies is confined to Ceylon.
Legge writes of this bird as follows :—“H. azurea, which is an inhabitant of our forest and damp jungle from the sea-level in all parts of the island to an altitude of 4,000 feet or more, breeds from April to July. I know of no little bird architect in our province who can excel it in the neatness and finish of its little habitation. A nest I found in a Western Province forest on the 2nd June, 1870, was fixed in the fork of an upright sapling at about four feet from the ground, and was made in the shape of a deep cup with an internal diameter of 1.3/4 inch ; the materials of which it was constructed were fine strips of thin bark and moss, very neatly woven together, and the rim and exterior were fancifully decorated and bound with a cocoon-like substance ; the lining consisted of fine creeper- tendrils, unmixed with any other material. The eggs were two in number, of a buff-white ground, spotted, mostly at the obtuse end, with light sienna-red and a few specks of darker hue.”
The decoration with moss seems to be a feature of the Ceylon bird’s nest, for Phillips describes two of his nests as being so adorned, while the only one found by Jenkins also had “moss woven into the exterior walls.”
The breeding season is chiefly April and May but I have received one nest taken in February, and Legge says, vide above, “April to July.”
The number of eggs laid is two or three, occasionally one only, while in colour, shape etc. they are quite typical of the species.
The few eggs I have seen and been able to measure must, I think, be abnormally large, as the average of eight eggs is 18.1 x 13.8 mm. : maxima 19.2 x 14.1 and 19.0 x 14.3 mm. ; minima 16.0 x 13.0 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
694. Hypothymis azurea eeylonensis
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Ceylon Black Napbd Flycatcher
Hypothymis azurea ceylonensis
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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