1316. Anthocincla phayrei

(1316) Anthocincla phayrei.

Phayre's Pitta.

Anthocincla phayrei Blyth, J. A.S. B., xxxi, p. 343 (1862) (Toung-hoo). Anthocincla phayrii. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 387.

Vernacular names. None recorded.

Description. - Male. A black coronal band from the forehead and a second from the lores and through the eye meeting on, and covering the whole of the nape and sides of the neck; forehead and sides of the crown fulvous, each feather edged with black; feathers above the eye more white, changing to pure white on the longest feathers of the aigrettes, which are barred with black, and more fulvous on the concealed bases; upper plumage rufous-brown; wing-coverts broadly tipped with rufous-fulvous and with lunar black bars on each web; primaries and outer secondaries dark brown, edged with rufous and with a fulvous patch at the base ; innermost secondaries like the back; ear-coverts black with rufous shafts ; sides of the head fulvous, each feather very narrowly edged with blackish; the edges of the feathers at the sides of the throat black, forming two moustachial streaks; chin white, changing to fulvous on" the lower throat and to deeper rufescent fulvous on the breast and abdomen, the breast and anterior flanks more or less spotted with black; under tail-coverts dark pink.

Colours of soft parts. Iris dark brown; bill black; legs and feet dark fleshy. In the non-breeding season the bill is dark horny-brown rather than black.

Measurements. Total length about 220 mm.; wing 101 to 107 mm. ; tail 55 to 58 mm.; tarsus 30 to- 31 mm,; culmen 25 to 28 mm.

Female. Has the black on the crown, nape, neck, lores and sides of the head replaced by rufous-brown ; the rufous of the lower parts is duller and paler and much more boldly and freely spotted with black ; the under rail-coverts are generally a duller pink. The bill of the female is a dark horny-brown, paler on the lower mandible.

Distribution. Burma East of the Sittoung River, Shan States, Siam and Tenasserim.

Nidification. Bingham found a nest of this species on the 27th April at about 5,000 feet in the Karen Hills. The nest is described as oven-shaped, made of leaves, roots and grasses and lined with fine black roots. The entrance was on one side, low down, with a little raised platform of twigs leading up to it. It was built on a bank covered with evergreen bushes inside a deep forest. The nest contained four eggs, broad ellipses in shape, china-white with a few minute spots and specks of purple-black at the larger end. The shell, like that of all Pittas' eggs, is very hard with a high gloss. The four eggs measure between 27.9 x 23.3 and 27.4 x 21.6 mm.

Habits. Very little is known about this rare Pitta but it is apparently a frequenter of both thin and dense forest between some 1,500 and 6,000 feet. It keeps entirely to the ground and Davison never saw it on trees at any time.

The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.3 1926.
Title in Book: 
1316. Anthocincla phayrei
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Phayres Pitta
Eared Pitta
Hydrornis phayrei
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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