929. Pitta caerulea

929. Pitta caerulea.

The Giant Pitta,

Myiothera caerulea, Raffl. Trans. Linn. Soc. xiii, p. 301 (1822).
Pitta caerulea (Raffl.), Blyth, Cat. p. 156; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 181; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 238; Hume, Cat. no. 344 quart.; Sclater, Cat. B. M. xiv, p. 416. Brachyurus caeruleus (Raffl.), Elliot, Mon. Pitt. pls. i & ii; id. Ibis, 1870, p. 412. Brachyurus davisoni, Hume, S. F. iii, p. 321 (1875). Giganti pitta caerulea (Raffl.), Oates, B. B. i, p. 413.

Coloration. Male. Forehead, front and sides, of head, and the ear-coverts greyish brown, each feather narrowly margined with black; crown, nape, and back of neck black; a broad supercilium produced back nearly to the end of the black on the neck, as also a broad patch below this line and separated from it by a broad black streak starting from the eye and passing over the ear-coverts, fulvescent; chin and upper throat plain fulvescent; lower throat and sides of the neck the same, but each feather slightly margined with blackish; the whole lower plumage fulvous with a tinge of green ; the throat separated from the breast by a broad black collar formed by the bases of certain of the feathers; this collar is not, however, always present; wings chiefly black, all the exposed portions when closed being blue; back, upper wing-coverts, rump, tail-coverts, and tail bright blue.

Female. The whole head and nape rufous-grey, closely barred with black; a broad streak from the eye over the ear-coverts and a broad collar round the back of the neck black ; a supercilium reaching to the black collar, widening as it approaches it, and half surrounding the end of the black streak just referred to, plain fulvous ; upper plumage chestnut; tail blue; wing-coverts and tertiaries chestnut; primaries and secondaries brown, more or less edged with ruddy ; chin and throat pale grey ; sides of the head and lower throat fulvous-grey, mottled with brownish; remainder of lower plumage fulvous, with a tinge of green; a black collar between the throat and breast, but not so conspicuous as in the male.

Legs and feet bluish fleshy or dark fleshy, tinged with pale plumbeous; bill black; inside of the mouth white; eyelids and gape very dark fleshy ; irides hazel-grey (Davison).

Length about 11.5; tail 2.5; wing 6.2; tarsus 2.4; bill from gape 1.75.

Distribution. Tenasserim, from the foot of Nwalabo mountain southwards extending down the Malay peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
929. Pitta caerulea
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Giant Pitta
Giant Pitta
Hydrornis caeruleus
Vol. 2

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