228. Larus minutus.
THE LITTLE GULL.
Male 11". Legs vermilion. Bill lake. Below white, tinged pink. Primaries grey, broadly tipped white, without black bars. Quills black below. Remiges twenty-eight.— In winter : Forehead white and hood grey. Temperate Europe and Asia, but not in Mongolia or China. One specimen shot by Colonel Irby, in 1859, near Jehangirabad, Oudh. Eggs (1.6 x 1.2) buff, spotted brown.
Also L. serranus. 19". Legs and bill red. Small white spot behind eye. First and second quills tipped black. Third tipped white.— In winter : Head white, streaked grey. Andean lakes and west coast of S. America.
L. melanocephalus. 15 1/2" to 17". The Mediterranean Black-headed Gull. Legs red. Bill red, with dark band in front of angle. Primaries white, tinged grey on outer webs.
L. saundersi. 12 1/2". Legs red. Bill black. Narrow white eye-ring. First quill white, with narrow black edges. Second quill, outer web white and black patch on inner web near tip. Third quill, tip white, with black patch across both webs.— In winter: Head white, streaked grey. China, Mongolia, and E. Siberia.
L. Philadelphia. 15". Bonaparte's Gull. Legs orange. Bill black. White eye-ring. First and second quills white, with outer webs, tips, and part of inner webs black. Third quill white, tip and part of outer web black.— In winter: Head white, mottled grey. N. America and occasionally in United Kingdom.
L. franklini. 14". Legs livid. Bill red, with dark subterminal band. White patches above and below eye. First, second, and third quills grey, tipped white, with subterminal black bars.— In winter : Head white, spotted black above. N. America.
L. atricilla. 16 1/2". Legs and bill red. White patch above and below eye. First quill black; second and third nearly so, and tipped white.— In winter: Head white, streaked grey. Bill and legs nearly black. N. and S. America.
Hood dark brown. Mantle French grey.