817. Hirundo javanica

817. Hirundo javanica.

The Nilgiri House-Swallow.

Hirundo javanica, Sparrm. Mus. Carls, iv, pi. 100 (1789); Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 597 ; Hume, Cat. no. 83; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 142 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 186. Hirundo domicola, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. xiii, p. 173 (1844) ; Blyth, Cat. p. 198; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 384; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 168. Hypurolepsis domicola (Jerd.), Hume, N. & E. p. 73. Hypurolepis javanica (Sparrm.), Oates, B. B. i, p. 308.

Coloration. A broad band on the forehead, the chin, throat, upper breast, cheeks, and ear-coverts deep ferruginous; lores dusky; upper plumage glossy black ; wings and tail dark brown, slightly glossy on the outer webs ; the tail with an oval spot on all the inner webs of the feathers except those of the median pair ; lower plumage pale ashy, albescent on the abdomen ; under tail-coverts ashy, the feathers with white tips and subterminal patches of black.

The young bird is without gloss above and has some of the secondaries margined with rufous.

Bill black; legs and claws lighter black ; iris dark brown.

Length about 5; tail 2.1; wing 4.2; tarsus .4; bill from gape .65; bifurcation of tail .3.

Distribution. Ceylon and Southern India as far north as the Nilgiris, being resident and confined to the higher parts of the hills; Tenasserim; the Andamans. This species extends down the Malay peninsula and is found throughout the islands.

Habits, &c. Breeds from February to June, constructing a cup-shaped mud nest in bungalows and outbuildings and laying three eggs, which are white spotted with brown and purple and measure about .7 by .5.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
817. Hirundo javanica
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Nilgiri House Swallow
Hirundo tahitica javanica
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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