817. Hirundo javanica.
The Nilgiri House-Swallow.
Hirundo javanica, Sparrm. Mus. Carls, iv, pi. 100 (1789); Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 597 ; Hume, Cat. no. 83; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 142 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 186. Hirundo domicola, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. xiii, p. 173 (1844) ; Blyth, Cat. p. 198; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 384; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 168. Hypurolepsis domicola (Jerd.), Hume, N. & E. p. 73. Hypurolepis javanica (Sparrm.), Oates, B. B. i, p. 308.
Coloration. A broad band on the forehead, the chin, throat, upper breast, cheeks, and ear-coverts deep ferruginous; lores dusky; upper plumage glossy black ; wings and tail dark brown, slightly glossy on the outer webs ; the tail with an oval spot on all the inner webs of the feathers except those of the median pair ; lower plumage pale ashy, albescent on the abdomen ; under tail-coverts ashy, the feathers with white tips and subterminal patches of black.
The young bird is without gloss above and has some of the secondaries margined with rufous.
Bill black; legs and claws lighter black ; iris dark brown.
Length about 5; tail 2.1; wing 4.2; tarsus .4; bill from gape .65; bifurcation of tail .3.
Distribution. Ceylon and Southern India as far north as the Nilgiris, being resident and confined to the higher parts of the hills; Tenasserim; the Andamans. This species extends down the Malay peninsula and is found throughout the islands.
Habits, &c. Breeds from February to June, constructing a cup-shaped mud nest in bungalows and outbuildings and laying three eggs, which are white spotted with brown and purple and measure about .7 by .5.