Hirundo nigrorufa

Hirundo nigrorufa, Boeage, Jorn. Lisb. vi. p. 158 (1877), p. 256 (1878) ; id. op. cit. vii. p. 236 (1880) ; id. Orn. Angola, p. 546 (1881) ; Sharpe, ed. Layard’s B. S. Afr. p. 840 (1884) ; id. Cat. Birds in Brit. Mus. x. p. 150 (1885).
H. uropygio et pileo dorso concoloribus ; subtus castanea, subcaudalibus purpurco-caeruleis.
Hab. in provineia Angolensi Africae occidentalis.
Adult male. General colour above glossy purplish blue, with a concealed rufous undershade, only seen when the feathers are disturbed ; wing-coverts like the back, with a smoky-brown patch on the inner web of the innermost greater coverts ; quills black, glossed with purplish blue externally the secondaries entirely of the latter colour, resembling the back ; tail-feathers black glossed with blue, the three outer feathers with a fringe of white towards the end of the inner web, not pronounced enough to form a spot ; head like the back ; lores velvety black ; ear-coverts like the crown ; checks and under surface of body chestnut, with a patch of purplish blue on each side of the upper breast ; thighs chestnut ; under tail-coverts glossy purplish blue ; under wing-coverts and axillaries chestnut like the breast ; quills sooty black below : "iris chestnut“ (Anchieta). Total length 5.3 inches, culmen 0.3, wing 4.35, tail 2.6, tarsus 0.4.
Hab. Benguela.
This pretty Swallow is apparently confined to the district of Benguela, in the southern part of the Portuguese province of Angola ; at least it is so far only known from that locality. At present Senhor Anchieta has met with but three specimens, all from the neighbourhood of Caconda. The Lisbon Museum, through Professor Barboza du Boeage was good enough to present one of these specimens to the British Museum, and from it the above description has been taken. Nothing has as yet been recorded of the habits or mode of nidification of the species.
The figure in the Plate has been drawn from the above-mentioned example in the British Museum.

A Monograph Of The Hirundinidae Or Family Of Swallows.
Sharpe, Richard Bowdler, and Claude Wilmott Wyatt. A Monograph of the Hirundinidae: Or Family of Swallows. Vol. 1. 1894.
Title in Book: 
Hirundo nigrorufa
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Richard Bowdler
Page No: 
Common name: 
Rufous And Black Swallow
Black-and-rufous Swallow
Hirundo nigrorufa
Vol. 1

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