156. ICTERINE WARBLER.
Hypolais icterina (Vieill.), N. Dict. xi. p. 194 (1817) ; Newton, i. p. 360 ; Dresser, ii. p. 5/2T, pl. 81 ; Saunders, p. 75 ; Lilford, iii. p. 32, pl. 16 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 77 ; S. hypolais Naumann, iii. p. 540, Taf. 80, fig. 1; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 133 ; (id.) B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 71.
Beefin a poitrine jaune, French ; Gelber Spottvogel, German ; Spotvogel, Dutch ; Gulbuget Sanger,—Dan. ; Bastardnattergal, Norweg. ; Bastardnaktergal, Swed. ; Kultarintakerttu, Finn. ; Ljesnaja, Malinovka, Russ. ; Zaganiacz, Polish.
Male ad. Upper parts greyish olive ; under parts lemon-yellow ; wings and tail dull brown externally paler margined ; lores and a streak over the eye yellow ; auriculars dull brownish yellow ; bill brown above, the lower mandible yellowish ; legs dull slate ; iris brown. Culmen 0.68, width of mandible at base 0.3, wing 3.1, tail 2.25, tarsus 0.8 inch ; first primary scarcely as long as the coverts, second nearly equal to the fourth, the third slightly longer. The female is a little paler than the male, and the young bird has the upper parts darker and browner and the wing-feathers broadly margined with dull buff.
Hab. Central and northern Europe, as far north as Jemtland in Sweden, and the borders of Nordland in Norway, as far east as the Ural, and south to the Crimea and Caucasus, wintering in South Africa ; a very rare straggler to Great Britain.
In many respects this species has considerable affinity with the Aquatic Warblers, between which and the Phylloscopi it forms a link, differing appreciably from both in its nest and eggs.
Frequents woods, gardens, etc., in the lowlands, both in damp and dry localities, is shy and secretive in its habits, and even when singing generally hides amongst the dense foliage. Its song is rich and varied, somewhat Thrush-like, and it is an excellent mimic, imitating with facility the notes of many other species. It breeds in May or early in June placing its nest in the fork of a bush or low tree. The nest is an exceedingly neat and artistic structure, cup-shaped, made of fine rootlets, straws, a little wool or moss, fine shreds of bark, &c., worked together with spiders’ webs, and lined with fine bents, rootlets, and hair, and the eggs 4 or 5, seldom 6 in number, are rose-pink, sometimes with a taint brownish tinge, speckled with dark purplish brown dots and spots, and measure from 0.75 by 0.57 to 0.78 by 0.56
156. Hypolais icterina
156. ICTERINE WARBLER.