1047. Himantopus candidus

Himantopus candidus, Bonnat. Tabl. Encycl. Meth. i. p. 24 (1791) ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 34 ; Dresser, vii. p. 587, pls. 535, 536 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 462 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 247 ; Saunders, p. 563 ; Poynting, p. 85, pl. 20 ; Charadrius himan- topus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 255 ; (Naum.), viii. p. 191, Taf. 203 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 310 ; H. melanopterus, Meyer, Ann. Wetter. Gesellsch, iii. p. 177 (1814) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. pl. 289 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 342, pl. xcii. fig. 1 ; Lilford, v. p. 51, pl. 20.
Echasse blanche, French ; Fuzellos, Portug. ; Ciguenuela, Span. ; Cavalier d’Italia, Ital. ; Grauschwanziger Stelzenlaufer, German ; Steltkluit, Dutch ; Rodbenet-Styltelober, Dan. ; Chodulotschnik, Soldatka, Russ. ; Bou-ksaiba, Moor. ; Bidji, Suqdah, Arab. ; Gajpaun, Tinghur, Hindu.
Male ad. (Sarepta). Hind, crown, nape, and hind neck black intermixed with white ; upper portion of back and wings deep black glossed with bottle-green or purplish green ; outer tail-feathers white, the rest grey ; rest of plumage pure white ; bill blackish ; legs rose-pink ; iris deep carmine-red. Culmen 2.75, wing 9.5, tail 3.2, tarsus 4.6 inch. The female has the hind crown and nape with the hind neck dull blackish grey, and the back, scapulars, and inner secondaries dull blackish brown ; otherwise like the male. The male sometimes has the whole head and neck white. Young birds have the hind neck grey and the feathers on the upper parts with brownish white margins.
Hab. Southern Europe, visiting Britain, Holland, Denmark, France, Switzerland, and Hungary ; the whole of Africa ; Central and Southern Asia, east to China, south to India and Ceylon.
In habits it is as a rule tame and confiding. It steps daintily about or wades in the shallow water in search of food, which consists of gnats, aquatic insects of various kinds picked off the surface, and larvae. Its note is a clear, loud whistle, but it is not a noisy bird. It breeds in May, often in large communities, placing its nest on the dense floating herbage, in which case it is strongly built of rushes and reed-bents, or else on the dry mud, in which case the nest is a very slight structure. The eggs, 4 in number, are paler or darker warm stone-buff, boldly spotted and blotched with black or blackish brown, and measure about 1.71 by 1.23.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1047. Himantopus candidus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Black Winged Stilt
Black-winged Stilt
Himantopus himantopus
Vol. 2

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