Hierococcyx sparveroides (Vigors), P.Z.S. 1831, p. 173 ; (Gould), Cent. Himal. B. pl. 53 ; (David and Oust.), Ois. Chine, p. 63 ; Shelley, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xix. p. 232 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 211 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 694 ; H. strenuus (Gould), P.Z.S. 1856, p. 96 ; (id.) B. of Asia, vi. pl. 42.
Bara Bharao, Nepal. ; Nimbin-piyul, Lepch.
Male ad. (India). Crown, sides of head, hind-neck and chin slate-grey ; upper parts generally rich brown, the quills barred with white on the inner webs ; tail greyish brown, with three narrowish and a broad terminal blackish brown bands, and narrowly tipped with brownish white ; throat and upper breast striped with greyish brown and marked with rufous ; rest of the under parts white, the lower breast, flanks and abdomen barred with blackish brown and more or less tinged with rufous ; upper mandible dark brown, lower greenish ; gape, orbit, iris, and legs yellow. Culmen 1.0, wing 9.1, tail 8.25, tarsus 1.1 inch. Sexes alike. The young bird has the upper parts brown, the feathers margined and faintly banded with rufous, the under parts reddish white streaked and spotted with dark brown.
Hab. The Himalayas, west to Chamba, east to the hills south of Assam and Burma ; China, Eastern Siberia, and Japan, ranging south to the Malay peninsula, the Philippines, and Borneo in winter.
Frequents wooded districts, and in summer is found at elevations up to 9,000 feet. Its flight is swift and graceful, and its food consists of insects, chiefly of caterpillars. It places its eggs in the nests of other birds, but is said to occasionally build its own nest of sticks without lining. Its eggs are described as being white, slightly speckled, measuring 1.39 by 1.05. The note of this bird is described as being a loud melodious call, chuck-dot-dot, and also one resembling the cough of a human being.
675. Hierococcyx sparveroides