194. Brachypteryx rufiventris.
The Rufous-bellied Short-wing.
Phoenicura major, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. xiii, p, 170 (1844). Brachypteryx major (Jerd.), Blyth, Cat. p. 178. Callene rufiventris, Blyth, Jerd. B. I. i, p. 496; id. Ibis, 1872, p. 132; Hume, N. & E. p. 219 ; id. Cat. no. 339 ; Davison, S. F. x, p 372; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 16. Brachypteryx rufiventris (Jerd.), Oates in Dame's N. & E. 2nd ed i, p. 129.
Coloration. Lores and the feathers in front of the eye black : forehead and a band over the lores pale blue; the whole upper plumage, the visible portions of the closed wings and tail, the sides of the head and neck, tho chin, throat, and breast dark slaty blue ; middle of the abdomen whitish ; remainder of the lower plumage pale chestnut.
Bill black ; legs and feet pale fleshy brown; claws darker ; iris dark brown (Davison).
Length nearly 7; tail 2.6; wing 3.2; tarsus 1.1; bill from gape .8.
Distribution. The Nilgiris, Bramhagiris and adjoining hill-ranges, from about 5500 to 7000 feet.
Habits, &c. According to Davison this species keeps to the denser portion of the undergrowth in evergreen forests, where it lives entirely on the ground. It is found in pairs or singly, and the male has a pleasing little song. It breeds in April and May, constructing a nest of green moss in a hole of a tree or a bank, and laying two or three eggs, which are olive-brown with reddish-brown marks round the larger end of the egg. They measure about 1 by .67.