484. Hemipus picatus.
The Black-backed Pied Shrike.
Muscicapa picata, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 85. Hemipus picatus (Sykes), Blyth, Cat. p. 154; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 136 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 412 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 178; id. S. F. i, p. 435, iii, p. 93; Sharpe. Cat. B. M. iii, p. 307; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 375 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 207 ; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 210 ; Hume, Cat. no. 267; Davison, S. F. x, p. 365; Oates, B. B. i, p. 258; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 148; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 93 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 327.
The Little Pied Shrike, Jerd.; Viyum-pho, Lepch.
Coloration. Male. The upper plumage with the lores and ear-coverts glossy brown ; the rump-feathers broadly tipped with white ; chin, vent, and under tail-coverts pure white ; the remainder of the lower plumage pale vinaceous ; cheeks and sides of the neck white, produced so as to form an indistinct white collar round the neck; lesser wing-coverts black; median coverts black, broadly tipped with white ; the outer greater coverts black ; the inner ones white on the outer and black on the inner webs ; primary-coverts and all the quills black ; the later secondaries broadly edged with white; tail black, all but the middle feathers tipped with white, the white on the outermost feathers extending over the whole outer web.
Female. Similar to the male, but the black is replaced by sooty brown.
The young resemble the female, but have the upper plumage barred with rufous and the wing-coverts mottled with brown.
Bill black; inside of the mouth bluish black ; iris hazel; eyelids plumbeous ; legs plumbeous brown ; claws dark brown.
Length 5.4 ; tail 2.4 ; wing 2.5 ; tarsus .45; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. The Satpura hills and the whole of Western India from Mahableshwar to Cape Comorin ; Mysore ; Ceylon ; the Oudh and Sikhim terais ; Chutia Nagpur ; Tipperah ; Manipur ; Karennee; the whole of Burma to the extreme south of Tenasserim. This species extends to Siam and Cochin China.
Habits, &c. A nest found by Davison at Ootacamund in March was a small shallow cup made of grass and roots, and covered with cobwebs and lichens. It was placed in the branch of a tree and contained three eggs, which were pale green marked with umber-brown, and measured .69 by .49.