485. Hemipus capitalis.
The Brown-backed Pied Shrike.
Muscicapa capitalis, McClelland, P. Z. S. 1839, p. 157. Hemipus capitalis (McClell.), Myth, Cat. p. 154; Godw.-Aust. J. A S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 99; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iii, p. 306; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 208; Hume, Cat. no. 267 A ; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 647 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 328.
Coloration. Resembles H. picatus. The male differs from the male of that species in having the back, scapulars, and rump smoky brown. The females of the two species are undistinguishable.
Of the same size as H. picatus.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Garhwal to Assam ; the hill-tracts of Assam down to Manipur; the Kakhyen hills east of Bhamo.
The difference in the colour of the back of H. picatus and H. capitalis is correlated with different areas of distribution, and the two species appear to be perfectly distinct.
Habits, &c. Breeds in Sikhim from May to August, constructing a shallow nest of fine grass coated with cobwebs and bits of leaves in small trees. The eggs, apparently always two in number, are greenish white marked with brown and measure about .65 by .53.*