1061. Berenicornis comatus.
The Long-crested Hornbill.
Buceros comatus, Raffl. Tr. Linn. Soc. xiii, p. 339 (1822) ; Hay, Mad. Jour. L. S. xiii, pt. 2, p. 149; Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 996, pl. xliv, fig. 2 ; id. Cat. p. 44. Berenicornis comatus, Bonap. Consp. Av. i, p. 91; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 594; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 318; v, p. 20 note: id. Cat. no. 145 ter; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 106, 500; Kelham, Ibis, 1881, p. 385 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. M. xvii, p. 423. Anorrhinus comatus, Elliot, Mon. Buc. pl. 39; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 94; Hartert, J. f. Orn. 1889, p. 369.
Coloration. Male. Head, neck, breast, and anterior part of abdomen, tips of all quills except the first primary, the last secondaries and the tertiaries, a patch inside carpal bend of wing, and the whole tail white; rest of plumage black.
Female. Crown, chin, tips of wing-feathers, and whole tail white, rest of plumage black, shafts of crest-feathers black. In the young male most of the white feathers are black at the base, and the tail is black with white tips.
Bill black, slightly mottled with green at the base of both mandibles; iris wax-yellow; facial skin deep dull blue; legs and feet black. In younger birds the bill is chiefly dull horny green, and the facial skin pale blue or pink.
Length of adult male about 40; tail 18; wing 15; tarsus 2.5 ; bill from gape 7. Females a little less : wing 14, bill 5.75.
Distribution. Malayan Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo, ranging into Southern Tenasserim as far as the base of Nwalabo, near Tavoy.
Habits, &c. According to Davison this Hornbill is found in forests about the lower trees and undergrowth; it lives in small parties, often feeding on the ground and eating lizards, &c, as well as fruit; the flight is uniform and almost noiseless ; the call a peculiar cry (a mewing sound according to Hartert) repeated several times in quick succession.