1409. Hemicireus canente canente

(1409) Hemicircus canente canente (Less.).
THE BURMESE HEART-SPOTTED WOODPECKER.
Hemicircus canente canente, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv. p. 84.
This Woodpecker is found over the whole of Burma both in the plains and bills up to about 3,000 feet ; it extends into the Northern half of the Malay States, East to Siam and Cochin China and North¬-West to Assam South of the Brahmapootra.
In Burma Davison, Bingham and Darling found it breeding in thin scrub and small tree-jungle and in open forest. The nest-holes were bored in dead stumps of trees, one in a branch of a huge tree in a jungle-clearing about 40 foot from the ground, the others 10 feet and 6 feet high in the dead trunks. Davison gives the size of the entrance-hole to the nest found by him as 1 inch wide by 1.1/4 high, but Bingham and Darling both describe it as circular and a little over an inch in diameter. The entrance found by Darling went into the tree “4 inches, then downwards 6.1/2 and terminating in a chamber about 5 inches in diameter,”
Inglis toot one clutch of eggs in Cachar from a hole only 9 feet up in the trunk of a solitary tree in a Tea-garden, but the only two nests taken by myself in that district were in small branches of live trees about 35 and 30 feet from the ground.
In Burma the breeding season is from December to March and again in July, but in Assam February to April only, though this time may be greatly extended when more is known about its breeding. Three eggs form the full complement, sometimes two only.
Fifteen eggs average 23.8 x 17.8 mm. : maxima 25.1 x 18.0 and 24.2 x 18.2 mm, ; minima 22.3 x 17.5 mm.
In 1931 one of my correspondents obtained three eggs from a nest-hole 30 feet from the ground on the 2nd April, Passing the same tree on the 18th he was surprised to see one of the birds leave the hole by the large entrance he had had to cut out, and inspection showed that there wore three more eggs. No now nest-hole entrance had been made. I think it is unusual for any Woodpecker to return to its home after it has been robbed, though I have known of a few other instances in which it has done so.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1409. Hemicireus canente canente
Spp Author: 
Less.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1409
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
312
Common name: 
Burmese Heart Spotted Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10417
M_CN: 
Heart-spotted Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Hemicircus canente
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14518

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