Hemicercus cordatus, Jerd.
165. :- Hemicercus canente, Lesson. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 280; Butler, Deccan ; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 385.
THE HEART-SPOTTED WOODPECKER.
Length, 6; expanse, 12 ; wing, 3.72 ; tail, 1.25 ; bill at front, 0.88.
Length, 5.75; expanse, 10.75; wing, 3.6; tail, 1.36; bill at front, 0.67.
Bill bluish-black ; irides brownish-red ; legs dusky-green.
Female, with the forehead and top of the head a narrow line, in the middle of the inter-scapular region, rump, shoulders, lesser wing-coverts, and a stripe from the lower mandible running below the ears of a light whitish-yellow; the wing-coverts and tertiaries with a black heart-shaped spot near the tip of each ' feather; face, cheeks, long occipital crest, nape, scapulars, quills, upper tail-coverts, and tail, deep black; tertiaries greenish ; middle of back dull blackish-green ; beneath, chin and throat, whitish-yellow; from throat to vent dull blackish-green ; under tail-coverts black.
The male differs from the female in having the forehead and head black, with minute, whitish spots. On the centre of the back is a brush of dark sap-green bristly feathers, smeared with a viscid secretion from a gland beneath.
Jerdon (by a slip of the pen. probably) has described the male as the female, and vice versa, but this has been rectified in the text.
The Heart-spotted Woodpecker occurs sparingly in the forests west of Belgaum and on the Sahyadri Range. It has not been recorded from elsewhere within our limits.