1585. Harpactes faseiatus malabaricus

(1585) Harpactes fasciatus malabaricus Gould.
THE MALABAR TROGON.
Pyrotrogon fasciatus malabaricus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv, p. 317.
Harpactes fasciatus malabaricus, ibid. vol. viii, p. 680.
The Malahar Trogon is found from Travancore as far North as Khandesh, Kanara and Belgaum. It also occurs in the hill-ranges of Mysore. In the North it ranges from Chota Nagpore and Western Bengal, South to the mouths of the Godaveri.
This is a bird of dense, deeply shaded forests, both those in the plains next the hills and those in the hills themselves.
Davidson obtained several clutches of their eggs in Kanara and Bingham obtained one at Ram Ghat, 30 miles from Belgaum. Mr. Ivor Macpherson also found one in the Mysore District. All these are recorded in Hume’s ‘Nests and Eggs,’ and since then Bourdillon and Stewart have taken many sets of eggs in Travancore.
For nesting purposes the birds select natural holes in dead trees or, more often, in stumps of trees in the gloomiest parts of the forest. The holes are generally not very big but with comparatively wide entrances ; sometimes, however, these are not wide enough to admit a hand or arm and have to be enlarged before one can extract the eggs. They are seldom at any great height from the ground ; some can easily be reached by hand and few are over 10 feet from the ground, though that taken by Macpherson was said to be 20 feet up. The eggs lie on the bare wood or upon such debris as may be wind-blown into the hollow.
The breeding season is from February to May, Bourdillon and Stewart having taken eggs from the 29th February to the 12th May, while Davidson obtained a clutch on the 17th of the latter month.
The number of eggs in a clutch is two to four, but two only seems exceptional. In Hume’s ‘Nests and Eggs’ all the recorded eggs are described as “pure white,” but they are, of course, a pale but quite definite buff, very highly glossed and of the normal spherical shape of all Oriental Trogons’ eggs.
Thirty eggs average 26.7 x 23.4 mm. : maxima 28.0 x 24.0 and 27.4 x 25.0 mm. ; minima 24.2 x 22.7 and 26.2 x 32.2 mm.
There is nothing on record about incubation and I have not heard of a male being caught on, or shot off, the nest.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1585. Harpactes faseiatus malabaricus
Spp Author: 
Gould.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1585
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
448
Common name: 
Malabar Trogon
M_ID: 
8899
M_SN: 
Harpactes fasciatus malabaricus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14735

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