Genus HALIAETUS

Bill stout; culmen straight at the base, then greatly curved; festoon generally well marked but variable. Nostrils rounded. Wings long; 3rd quill generally longest, 4th and 5th but little shorter. Tail rounded or cuneate at the end. Tarsus stout, of moderate length, its upper third feathered in front, middle third or more scutate in front. Toes scutate above ; claws moderate in size, not very unequal, grooved beneath.

This genus contains the Sea-Eagles proper, and is found on most tropical and temperate sea-coasts, except those of South America. Three species are Indian, and they differ somewhat in structure, so that each has been made the type of a distinct genus.

Key to the Species.

a. Wing less than 24 inches long.
a1. A well-marked ruff of lanceolate feathers; tail slightly rounded; a white band across middle of tail in adults………………………H. leucoryphus, p. 366.
b1. No distinct ruff; outer tail-feathers at least 1 inch shorter than middle pair; head, lower parts, and end of tail white in adults………………………H. leucogaster, p. 368.
b. Wing 24-26 inches; tail wedge-shaped, white in adults………………………H. albicilla, p. 369.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
Genus HALIAETUS
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
366
M_ID: 
3058
M_SN: 
Haliaeetus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
1721

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