1225. Haliaetus albicilla

1225. Haliaetus albicilla.

The White-tailed Sea-Eagle.

Vultur albicilla (errore albiulla), Linn. Syst. Nat. p. 123 (1766). Haliaetus albicilla, Leach, Syst. Cat. Mamm. &c. B. M. (1816) p. 9; Hume, Ibis, 1870, p. 438; 1871, p. 404; S. F. i, p. 159; vii, p. 341; id. Cat. no. 42 bis ; Jerdon, Ibis, 1871, p. 336; Blyth, His, 1872, p. 87 ; A. Anderson, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 78; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 302 ; Murray, Vert. Zool. Sind, p. 83; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 40. Haliaetus pelagicus, Hume, Rough Notes, p. 253 ; nec Pallas. Haliaetus brooksi, Hume, Rough Notes, p. 255 (1870); id. Ibis, 1870, p. 438.

Coloration. Upper plumage brown ; the head, neck, and smaller coverts paler, sometimes almost whity brown, with narrow dark shaft-stripes; quills blackish; lower parts paler than upper, palest on the chin, throat, and fore-neck, many feathers with pale tips; tail white except at the extreme base.

The young are brown, sometimes very dark, sometimes pale; the basal portion of all feathers fulvous or white, and usually exposed, on the lower parts especially; tail-feathers white, more or less mottled and edged with brown.

Cere and bill yellow in adults; cere yellowish brown, bill black in young birds; iris yellow (brown in the young); feet yellow. There is a slight ruff of lanceolate feathers, far less distinct than in H. leucoryphus, and the end of the tail is wedge-shaped, the middle feathers being considerably longer than the outer.

Length of a female 34 inches; tail 13 ; wing 26; tarsus 4.5; bill from gape 3. Males are rather less, wing 24.5.

Distribution. All Europe and Northern Asia, also Greenland. In India this bird appears to be a cold-weather visitant to the Punjab, North-west Provinces, and Sind.

Habits, &c. Very similar to those of other fishing Eagles. In India this species has been observed to haunt large marshes. It feeds mainly on fish.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
1225. Haliaetus albicilla
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
White Tailed Sea Eagle
White-tailed Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
Vol. 3

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