661. Halcyon smyrnensis

661. SMYRNA KINGFISHER.
HALCYON SMYRNENSIS.
Halcyon smyrnensis (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 181 (1766) ; Sharpe, Monogr. Alced. p. 161, pl. 59 ; Dresser, v. p. 133, pl. 292 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvii. p. 222 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 132 ; H. fusca, (Bodd), Tabl. Pl. Enl. p. 54 (1783) ; Jerdon, B. of Ind. i. p. 224 ; H. saturatior ; Hume, Str. Feath. ii. pp. 168, 531 (1874).
Jeshil Balukdje, Turkish ; Kilkila, Hindu. ; Khandu, Mahr. ; Pelihudawa, Cing. ; Dane-nyin, Burm.
Male ad. (Asia Minor). Head, neck, sides of breast, and under parts below the breast rich chestnut-red ; back, scapulars, outer web of secondaries, and upper surface of the tail deep cobalt blue, with a faint greenish tinge ; rump and upper tail-coverts deeper cobalt ; base of primaries white, the rest black, the outer webs blue ; larger wing-coverts dark blue, median coverts black, edged with bluish, the lesser chestnut ; throat and breast pure white ; bill coral-red ; legs vermilion ; iris brown. Culmen 2.4, wing 5.2, tail 3.7, tarsus 0.7 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Cyprus, Asia Minor, Palestine, Arabia, Persia; the whole of India ; Burma ; Ceylon ; the Malay Peninsula, Cochin China, and Southern China. In its habits it is shy and solitary, and will sit for hours on an elevated perch, and is to be found near water or away from it in the open jungle. Its note is harsh and discordant, and is always uttered in flight. Unlike Aleedo and Ceryle, it does not feed on fish, but on frogs, toads, lizards, snakes, and locusts, &c. It burrows a tunnel in a bank with an enlarged nest-chamber at the end, and late in April or early in May lays 4 to 7 eggs, which are glossy white, round in shape, and average 1.13 by 1.03 in size.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
661. Halcyon smyrnensis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
661
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
461
Common name: 
Smyrna Kingfisher
M_ID: 
9112
M_CN: 
White-throated Kingfisher
M_SN: 
Halcyon smyrnensis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10824

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