662. Halcyon pileatus

662. BLACK-CAPPED KINGFISHER.
HALCYON PILEATUS.
Halcyon pileatus (Bodd), Tabl. Pl. Enl. p. 41 (1783) ; Sharpe, Monogr. Alced. p. 169, pl. 62 ; id. Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvii. p. 229 ; (David and Oust.), Ois. Chine, p. 75 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 133 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 193 ; H. atricapilla, (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 453 (1788) ; Gould, B. of Asia, i. pl. 45.
Male ad. (India). Crown, nape, and sides of the head black ; a broad white collar passes round the neck, followed by a blackish band ; upper parts generally deep blue, the lower back and rump brighter ; primaries white at the base, black otherwise, the outer webs lilac and blue ; tail deep blue on the upper, and black on the under surface ; a few feathers below the eye, chin, throat, and middle of the breast white ; rest of the under parts with the sides of the throat and breast rich rufous buff ; bill deep red ; legs dark red ; iris dark brown. Culmen 2.45, wing 5, tail 3.3, tarsus 0.6 inch. Sexes alike. The young birds have black spots on the sides of the throat, and the breast-feathers dark-margined.
Hab. Southern India, rare in Ceylon ; Indo-Malayan countries and islands south to Celebes ; Siam, Cambodia, China, and Corea.
Inhabits brackish creeks and mango swamps chiefly on or near the salt water, but is occasionally seen on fresh water streams. Extremely shy and wary it is not easy to procure specimens. Its note is said to be a shrill discordant cry, and has been likened to that of Dendroeopus major. It feeds chiefly on crabs, but also on fish. Respecting its nesting habits I rind nothing on record.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
662. Halcyon pileatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
662
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
462
Common name: 
Black Capped Kingfisher
M_ID: 
9121
M_CN: 
Black-capped Kingfisher
M_SN: 
Halcyon pileata
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10036

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