1046. Callialcyon lilacina

1046. Callialcyon lilacina.

The Ruddy Kingfisher.

Alcedo coromanda, Latham, Ind. Orn. i, p. 252 (1790). Halcyon coromanda, Steph. Shaw's Gen. Zool. xiii, pt. 2, p. 100; Sharpe, Mon. Alc. p. 155, p. 57; Ball, J. A. S. B. xii, pt. 2, p. 277 ; Hume, S. F. ii, pp. 169, 494 ; xi, p. 44; id. Cat. no. 131; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 70 ; Wardl.-Ramsay, His, 1877, p. 456; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 75; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 81; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xvii, p. 217. Halcyon lilacina, Swains. Classif. B. ii, p. 335 (1837); Bonap. Consp. Av. i, p. 156. Alcyon calipyga, Hodgs. in Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 82 (1844), descr. nulla. Halcyon coromander, Blyth, Cat. p. 47. Halcyon coromandelianus, Horsf. & M. Cat. p. 126; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 227. Callialcyon coromanda, Walden, Ibis, 1873, p. 302.

Coloration. Upper parts, with the wing and tail, and sides of the head and neck light chestnut or cinnamon, more or less overlaid with a red-violet gloss ; middle of lower back and rump white, mixed with pale blue and occasionally with violet: lower parts rufous, varying in depth, paler on the throat and chin.

Young with dark edges to the breast-feathers.

Bill red, blackish at the base ; iris brown; legs and claws red (Oates).

Length about 10.25; tail 2.6; wing 4.3; tarsus .65; bill from gape 2.5.

Skins from the base of the Himalayas and from Burma, even from Tenasserim, are paler above and below, and much less suffused with violet gloss than Andaman specimens, and the latter are rather larger. The difference appears greater than in the case of H. smyrnensis and the variety H. saturatior. Andaman birds resemble those from the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago (true H. lilacina). Indo-Burmese birds are more like Japanese (H. schlegeli).

The specific name coromanda, although the oldest, cannot be applied to a bird that is not found in the Peninsula of India.

Distribution. Lower Himalayas up to about 5000 feet, in Eastern Nepal, Sikhim, and farther East; Assamese and Burmese countries, generally distributed but rare; also the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Malay Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Celebes, the Philippines, Eastern China, and Japan.

Habits, &c. A shy bird, generally found in forests and not unfrequently near the coast in mangrove-swamps.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
1046. Callialcyon lilacina
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
1046
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
134
Common name: 
Ruddy Kingfisher
M_ID: 
9101
M_CN: 
Ruddy Kingfisher
M_SN: 
Halcyon coromanda
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
1445

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith