(1712) Gyps indicus jonesi.
THE HIMALAYAS LONG-BILLED VULTURE.
Gyps indicus jonesi Whistler, Bull. B. O. C, xlvii, p. 74 (1927) (Bawal Pindi).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. " Differs from G. i. indicus in its larger size, darker coloration and thicker covering of the head and neck. The body-plumage is a dull earthen-brown, colour with faint shaft-stripes, this colour being duller and darker even than in G. fulvus or G. himalayensis. The crop-patch is a more sooty-brown than in G. indicus and the rump is brown slightly marked with white as opposed to the white rump necked with brown in the typical form. The head is clothed with thick buffy-white hairs and the neck with thick white down, as thickly as in G. fulvus or G. himalayensis. Buff white tinged with buff, the feathers short and downy, as in the typical form."
Colours of soft parts. Apparently the same as in the other races.
Measurements. Wing 700 to 750 mm.; tail 300 to 810 mm.; tarsus 100 to 109 mm.; culmen about 71 to 74 mm.; depth 35 to 36 mm.
Distribution. Lower ranges of hills, 1,500 to 2,500 feet between the Salt range and the Indus.
Nidification. Mr. A. E. Jones, the discoverer of this fine Vulture, found a colony breeding on a cliff of a low range of hills known as the Kala Chita Reserve, near Gampbellpur, West Punjab. The nests were "rather scanty, composed of twigs with the leaves still adhering 1o them and a small quantity of dried grass, measuring from two to two-and-a-half feet in diameter. The nests were placed 20 to 30 feet apart on separate and distinct ledges but the whole cliff-face was whitewashed with their droppings and they had evidently occupied this breeding-place for many years."
Habits. Similar, so far as is known, to those of other Vultures of the genus Gyps. This Vulture is probably a form restricted in its breeding-area to the low hills at the "foot of the North-Western Himalayas.