1194. Gyps indicus.
The Indian Long-billed Vulture
Vultur indicus, Scop. Del. Flor. et Faun. Insub. ii, p. 85 (1786); Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 77. Gyps bengalensis, apud J. F. Gray in Hardw. Ill. Ind. Zool. i, pl. 15; nec Gm. Gyps indicus, Blyth, Cat. p. 33, partim; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 4, pt.; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 9, pt.; id. Ibis, 1871, p. 235; Hume, Rough Notes, p. 21; id. N. & F. p. 5; id. Cat. no. 4; Adam, S. F. i, p. 367; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 10, pt.; Davidson & Wend. S. F. vii, p. 72; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 29; Davison, S. F. x, p. 332. Gyps pallescens, Hume, S. F. i, p. 150 (1873) ; vii, pp. 165, 325; id. Cat. no. 4 bis; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 11; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 442 ; ix, p. 369; Bingham, S. F. viii, p. 190; Davidson, S. F. x, p. 285; Swinhoe & Barnes, Ibis, 1885, p. 54; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 5; id. Jour. Bom. N. H. Soc. iii, p. 207 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 203.
Gidh, H.; Gidad, Maha-dho, Mahr.
Coloration. Adult. Short brownish-white hair-like feathers thinly sprinkled all round the head and on the nape; upper half of back and sides of neck, and all the front, with small tufts of white down scattered over them; ruff disintegrated, soft and white; back pale brown, upper wing-coverts still paler, all the feathers palest on their edges; lower back and rump brown, with broad white borders to the feathers, sometimes whitish throughout; upper tail-coverts darker brown, pale-edged; larger wing-coverts :and scapulars the same; quills and tail-feathers blackish brown; crop generally uniform dark brown, but sometimes light brown or even white; lower parts whity brown, with indistinct broad pale shaft-stripes.
Young very like that of C. himalayensis; the head and nape more thickly clad than in the adult; a ruff of long lanceolate feathers, whitish, with brown edges at each side; upper back, smaller scapulars, and wing-coverts dark brown, with narrow whitish shaft-stripes ; lower back and rump whitish; quills and tail nearly black; crop brown; abdomen and under wing-coverts light brown, with broad whitish shaft-stripes.
Bill and cere pale greenish, yellowish horny on culmen; irides brown; bare skin of head and face dusky ashy leaden; legs and feet the same; claws creamy horny (Hume).
Length about 38; tail 11; wing 23 ; tarsus 3.75 ; mid-toe without claw 3.9; bill from gape 2.8.
Distribution. Throughout the greater part of the Peninsula of India, south of the Indo-G-angetic plain—not in Sind nor in Ceylon.
Habits, ire. The Long-billed Vulture breeds from December to February in colonies on precipitous cliffs, laying a single egg, greenish white, generally unspotted, sometimes spotted or blotched with reddish brown, and measuring about 3.61 by 2.72.