1194. Gyps indicus

1194. Gyps indicus.

The Indian Long-billed Vulture

Vultur indicus, Scop. Del. Flor. et Faun. Insub. ii, p. 85 (1786); Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 77. Gyps bengalensis, apud J. F. Gray in Hardw. Ill. Ind. Zool. i, pl. 15; nec Gm. Gyps indicus, Blyth, Cat. p. 33, partim; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 4, pt.; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 9, pt.; id. Ibis, 1871, p. 235; Hume, Rough Notes, p. 21; id. N. & F. p. 5; id. Cat. no. 4; Adam, S. F. i, p. 367; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 10, pt.; Davidson & Wend. S. F. vii, p. 72; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 29; Davison, S. F. x, p. 332. Gyps pallescens, Hume, S. F. i, p. 150 (1873) ; vii, pp. 165, 325; id. Cat. no. 4 bis; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 11; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 442 ; ix, p. 369; Bingham, S. F. viii, p. 190; Davidson, S. F. x, p. 285; Swinhoe & Barnes, Ibis, 1885, p. 54; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 5; id. Jour. Bom. N. H. Soc. iii, p. 207 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 203.

Gidh, H.; Gidad, Maha-dho, Mahr.

Coloration. Adult. Short brownish-white hair-like feathers thinly sprinkled all round the head and on the nape; upper half of back and sides of neck, and all the front, with small tufts of white down scattered over them; ruff disintegrated, soft and white; back pale brown, upper wing-coverts still paler, all the feathers palest on their edges; lower back and rump brown, with broad white borders to the feathers, sometimes whitish throughout; upper tail-coverts darker brown, pale-edged; larger wing-coverts :and scapulars the same; quills and tail-feathers blackish brown; crop generally uniform dark brown, but sometimes light brown or even white; lower parts whity brown, with indistinct broad pale shaft-stripes.

Young very like that of C. himalayensis; the head and nape more thickly clad than in the adult; a ruff of long lanceolate feathers, whitish, with brown edges at each side; upper back, smaller scapulars, and wing-coverts dark brown, with narrow whitish shaft-stripes ; lower back and rump whitish; quills and tail nearly black; crop brown; abdomen and under wing-coverts light brown, with broad whitish shaft-stripes.

Bill and cere pale greenish, yellowish horny on culmen; irides brown; bare skin of head and face dusky ashy leaden; legs and feet the same; claws creamy horny (Hume).

Length about 38; tail 11; wing 23 ; tarsus 3.75 ; mid-toe without claw 3.9; bill from gape 2.8.

Distribution. Throughout the greater part of the Peninsula of India, south of the Indo-G-angetic plain—not in Sind nor in Ceylon.

Habits, ire. The Long-billed Vulture breeds from December to February in colonies on precipitous cliffs, laying a single egg, greenish white, generally unspotted, sometimes spotted or blotched with reddish brown, and measuring about 3.61 by 2.72.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
1194. Gyps indicus
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Indian Long Billed Vulture
Indian Vulture
Gyps indicus
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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