710. Gyps fulvus

710. Griffon Vulture.
GYPS FULVUS.
Gyps fulvus (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 249 (1788) ; (Naum.), i. p. 162, Taf. 2, xiii. Taf. 338 ; (Gould), B. of E. i. pl. 1 ; Newton, i. p. 1 ; Dresser, v. p. 373, pls. 319, 320 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 5 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii, p. 320 ; Saunders, p. 311 ; Lilford, i. p. 77, pl. 39 ; G. hispaniolensis Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 6 (1874) ; G. fulvescens Hume, Ibis, 1869, p. 356.
Vautour Griffon, French ; Griffo, Portug. ; Buitre, Span. ; Grifone, Ital. ; Gansegeier, German ; Bjelogolovoi Griff Russ. ; Nissr, Arab ; Enisser, Moor.
Male ad. (S. Europe). Head and neck sparingly covered with white hairs ; ruff composed of white down, which is more profuse on the hind-neck ; upper parts stone-buff, the middle of the larger wing-coverts darker ; wings und tail darker, the former washed with prey ; under parts stone-buff, the crop patch darker, with lighter stripes ; bill slate ; iris hazel ; legs light brown. Culmen 3.1, wing 30.0, tail 14.9, tarsus 4.0 inch. Sexes alike. The young birds have the feathers on the back, scapulars, and wing-coverts pointed, the ruff feathers elongate, and fawn-coloured.
Hab. Southern Europe ; of rare occurrence in Central and Northern Europe ; has once been obtained in Ireland ; Africa south to Nubia ; Asia east to Nepal and Sikhim, south to Khandish and the Deccan.
Is essentially a carrion eater, and will feed on any refuse. It hunts by sight alone, and does not discover a carcass if covered with grass or boughs. On the ground it is heavy and inert, and where carrion is plentiful will gorge to excess. On the wing however it is active and even graceful. It breeds in communities in the rocks, constructing a carelessly built nest, of sticks lined with grass which is placed on the bare rock, and from February to April it deposits a single egg, or sometimes two, which are white, rather rough in shell, but occasionally, though rarely, the egg is slightly spotted with red. In size they average 3.63 by 2.72.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
710. Gyps fulvus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
710
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
499
Common name: 
Griffon Vulture
M_ID: 
2652
M_CN: 
Griffon Vulture
M_SN: 
Gyps fulvus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10327

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