Passer flavicollis, Franklin.
711. :- Jerdon's Birds of India Vol. II, p. 368; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p 497; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 416 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 184; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 129.
THE YELLOW-THROATED SPARROW.
Length, 5.5 ; expanse, 10; wing, 3.4 ; tail, 2 ; tarsus, 0.7.
Bill black ; irides brown ; legs cinereous-brown.
Above ashy-brown; beneath dirty or brownish-white, more albescent on the vent and under tail-coverts, and white on the chin; a yellow spot on the middle of the throat; shoulders and lesser-coverts chesnut; wing with some white marks on the tertiaries, and two white bands formed by the tips of the coverts.
The female merely differs in the yellow neck-spot, and the chesnut on the wings being paler than in the male.
The Yellow-throated Sparrow is a common permanent resident throughout the region, breeding during the hot season, in holes in trees, &c. The eggs, three or four in number, are greenish-white in color, but so much spotted, smudged, streaked, and clouded with dark sepia-brown as to leave little of the ground-color visible. They measure 0.74 by 0.55.