434. Petronia flavicollis

434. YELLOW-THROATED SPARROW.
PETRONIA FLAVICOLLIS.
Petronia flavicollis (Frankl.), P.Z.S., 1831, i. p. 120 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p, 293 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 235.
Raji, Jangli-churi, Hind. ; Adavi-pichike, Tel.
Male ad. (India). Upper parts generally ashy brown ; quills and tail dark brown, margined With pale buff ; lesser wing-coverts chestnut ; median coverts tipped with white, and larger coverts with pale buff, forming two bars across the wing ; under parts ashy white, the flanks darker, chin nearly white, throat yellow ; bill black ; legs greyish plumbeous ; iris brown Culmen 0.5, wing 3.25, tail 2.2, tarsus 0.6 inch. The female has the throat-spot much paler, the lesser wing-coverts rufous brown, and the bill brown. The winter plumage is rather browner, and the male has the beak brown.
Hab. Persia, Baluchistan, India from the Himalayas to Travancore and from Sind to the longitude of Midnapore in Bengal ; Ceylon.
Frequents thin forest jungle, groves, and gardens, and in its general habits and note resembles the common House-sparrow. It is gregarious and in the winter often collects in tolerably large locks. It breeds from March to June not strictly in colonies, though a dozen nests may be found in one large tree. The nest is usually placed in a hole in a tree, occasionally in a roof, and is usually only a bundle of dry grass lined with feathers, but sometimes a cup-shaped nest is built, strips of bark and tow being added to the grass, and sometimes it is a closely woven pad of hair, tow, and wool, with a little central hollow lined with a few feathers. The eggs, 3 to 4 in number, are dull and glossless, greenish white closely streaked, smudged, and blotched all over with dingy brown, sepia or chocolate- brown, the markings often quite hiding the ground colour ; in size they average about 0.74 by 0.55.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
434. Petronia flavicollis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
434
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
297
Common name: 
Yellow Throated Sparrow
M_ID: 
29445
M_CN: 
Yellow-throated Sparrow
M_SN: 
Gymnoris xanthocollis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11144

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