1008. Grus vipio

1008. WHITE-NECKED CRANE.
GRUS VIPIO.
Grus vipio, Pall. Zoog. Ross. As. ii. p. 111 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 435 ; G. leacauchen, Temm. Pl. Col. v. pl. 449 (1838) ; Tegetm. and Blyth, Nat. Hist. Cranes, p. 35 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 804 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 352 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiii. p. 266 ; (Blaauw), Monogr. Cranes, p. 49, pl. xiii. and pl. xviii. fig. 4 (egg) ?
Tan-cho, Jap.
ad. (Japan). Upper and under parts slaty grey, the latter darker ; wing- coverts paler, the greater ones white at the ends ; secondaries white at the base, otherwise black, the inner ones white, falcated and elongated ; tail dark grey ; forehead, orbital and aural regions bare, red, and covered with black hairs ; entire hind neck, sides of the upper neck and throat pure white ; bill greenish ; legs bluish pink ; iris brownish yellow. Culmen 6.50, wing 2.4, tail 8.0, tarsus 11.0 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Manchuria, Corea, Japan, North-eastern China in winter.
In its general habits it is said to resemble G. virgo, and like that species indulges in peculiar saltatory exercises in the spring. It frequents open places, both dry and marshy, and is as a rule very shy and wary. Its nest is situated on a dry patch in the marshes, and its 2 eggs bear a considerable resem┬Čblance to those of G, communis, but are larger, measuring about 3.95 by 2.62.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1008. Grus vipio
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1008
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
722
Common name: 
White Necked Crane
M_ID: 
3816
M_CN: 
Demoiselle Crane
M_SN: 
Grus virgo
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
11102

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