1007. Grus virgo

1007. DEMOISELLE CRANE.
GRUS VIRGO.
Grus virgo (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 234 (1766) ; Naum. ix. p. 386, Taf. 232 ; Dresser, vii. p. 353, pl. 506 ; Tegetmeier and Blyth, Nat. Hist. Cranes, p. 26 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 436 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiii. p. 269 ; (Blanf.), P. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 190 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 810 ; Lilford, iv. p. 153, pl. 65 ; (Blaauw), Monogr. Cranes, p. 35, pls. x. x. a, and xviii. fig. 1 (egg).
Demoiselle de Numidie, French ; Grulla, moruna, Span. ; Damigella di Numidia, Ital. ; Jungfernkranich, German ; Maloi-Juravl, Stepnoi-Juravl, Russ. ; Kurkarra, Hindu.
Male ad. (S.E. Europe). Crown, nape, a line down the hind neck, upper parts, lower breast, and under parts ashy blue-grey ; forehead, sides of head, throat, and neck deep black ; feathers on the upper breast black elongated, pointed ; from behind the eye on each side a full white tuft of feathers 4 to 5 inches long ; quills black, the inner short secondaries tinged with grey, the innermost ones blue-grey, long, pointed, tipped with blackish ; legs black ; bill olivaceous brown, reddish towards the point ; iris deep red. Culmen 2.8, wing 19.2. tail 7.0, tarsus 7.5 inch. Female similar but rather duller, the white tufts on the sides of the head smaller.
Hab. Southern Europe, chiefly in the east, has strayed once to Orkney and Heligoland, and twice to Sweden ; Africa in winter as far south as Natal ; Asia Minor, Central Asia, Mongolia, Dauria, and Northern China. wintering in India.
Frequents large open plains, generally not far from water, which it can visit during the heat of the day. In habits it resembles G. communis, but is remarkable from its peculiar saltatory exercises in which it indulges in the spring. It feeds on grain, insects, worms, and even reptiles, and its note is a loud trumpet-like call. In the autumn and winter it often collects in large flocks. It breeds in May or June, not making any regular nest, but scratches a hole in the soil, round which it often collects small stones, and deposits 2 eggs, which resemble those of G. communis, but are as a rule darker and more clearly marked, and also smaller, measuring about 3.31 by 2.11.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1007. Grus virgo
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1007
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
721
Common name: 
Demoiselle Crane
M_ID: 
3816
M_CN: 
Demoiselle Crane
M_SN: 
Grus virgo
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10193

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