110. Grus communis.
THE COMMON CRANE.
Kooroonch, Koorch, N. W. P.; Kul-lung, Upper India; Kunj, Sind; Kallam, Deccan; Kulungi (Telugu); Wainu, Manipur.
Male 43" to 48"; 9 1/2 to 13 lbs. Legs dull black. Mid toe and claw 4.2". Bill green, tip white. Slate-coloured patch between gape and eye. Forehead nude, with black hairs.. Crown nude, blackish, with occipital red band. White bands from eyes, which continue and meet down back of neck. Five or six beautifully curled lavender feathers with black tips at elbow of wing. Plumage ashy blue. Inner secondaries with drooping plumes of decomposed feathers.— Young birds want the naked patch. Migratory. N. Europe and N. Asia, wintering in S. Europe, N. Africa, S.W.' Asia, N. India, and China. Arrives in India in August and leaves in March. Two or three eggs (3.9 x 2.4), grey, blotched and spotted red-brown. (J. 865. B. 1407. H. & M. iii. 21.) See illustration, p. 136.
Also G. lilfordi. The same species as G. communis, but catalogued as distinct. G. mexicana. 40". Mid toe and claw 4". From U. S. America. G. canadensis. 35". Mid toe and claw 3.3". The Brown Crane from N. America. G. monachus. 36". Mid toe and claw 4.1". Breeds in Siberia, winters in China. G. nigricollis. 48". From Kokonor.
G. japonensis. 50". Mid toe and claw 5.2". From E. Siberia and Japan, and wintering in China.
Also ten fossil species (three from Italy, one Malta, one Greece, two France, one Hampshire, one New Jersey, and one Nebraska).
Also the genus Limnogeranus, with crown and cheeks bare. One species— L. americanus, 48", mid toe and claw 4.4". The Hooping Crane, from N. America. (B. M, Cat., xxiii. 253-260.)