1410. Grus sharpii.
The Burmese Sarus.
Grus antigone, apud Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 662, pt.; Beavan, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 762; Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 157; Oates, S. F. v, p. 164; Wardl. Ramsay, Ibis, 1877, p. 469 ; Hume & Dav. S. F, vi, p. 458; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 684; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 354; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 317 ; nee Ardea antigone, L. Antigone antigone, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xxiii, p. 264. Grus (Antigone) sharpii, Blanf. Bull. B. O. Club, vol. v, p. vii (1895) ; id. Ibis, 1890, p. 136.
Coloration. The plumage generally is darker and the back less pure grey than in G. antigone, and the secondaries and tertiaries are grey like the back; but the most conspicuous distinction is the absence in the present species of any white ring round the neck at all seasons.
Bill and coronal skin greenish glaucous, skin of the face and neck pale brick-red; irides reddish orange; legs fleshy pink, brownish in front (Wardlaw Ramsay). Dimensions the same as those of G. antigone.
Distribution. The plains of Burma, Siam, and Cochin China. There are skins in the British Museum sent by Cantor from Penang, but Hume doubts the occurrence of this bird wild in the Malay Peninsula. Anderson obtained specimens at Tsitkaw, northwest of Bhamo, and Hume saw several in Manipur, all probably of the present species, but the limits of this and of G. antigone are not ascertained.
Habits the same as those of the last species.
Hume once saw in Manipur (S. P. xi, p. 317) a flock of dark-coloured Cranes with white beads and necks,resembling G. monachus of North-eastern Asia. 'Anderson also at Ponsee, west of Bhamo, saw flocks of Cranes flying towards Burma in March. He took them for G. antigone (G. sharpii), but that species is not known to. collect in flecks. Captain Couchman (Jour. Bom. N. H. Soc. vii, p. 450) saw Cranes in the marshes near Myothit, like G. cinereus in colour, shape, and call, but with a scarlet hood or crest. Our knowledge of the Cranes of Upper Burma is evidently still imperfect.