546. Graculipica nigricollis.
The Black-necked Myna.
Gracula nigricollis, Payk. Stockholm Acad. Handl. xxviii, p. 291 t. ix (1807). Sturnopastor nigricollis (Payk.), Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 90; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Ares, p. 595. Gracupica nigricollis (Payk.), Hume, S. F. ix, p. 288 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 377 ; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) iv, p. 602. Graculipica nigricollis (Payk.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 77; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 377.
Coloration. The whole head above and below white, encircled by a black collar about an inch deep, but varying in extent in different individuals ; below this collar a band, confined to the back, of black feathers broadly margined with white; back, scapulars, upper rump, and the longer tail-coverts dark brown, each feather edged paler; lower rump and the shorter tail-coverts white; tail dark brown, very broadly tipped with white; lower plumage, with the exception of the collar, white; under wing-coverts black, tipped with white ; primary-coverts pure white ; wings and coverts dark brown, each feather conspicuously tipped with white, except the primaries, the tippings to which are minute.
The young have the whole head, and the part occupied by the black collar in the adult, light brown.
Naked skin round the eye bright yellow (Tiraud).
Length 11; tail 4; wing 6.3 ; tarsus 1.6; bill from forehead 1.4.
Distribution. Abundant at Bhamo, in Upper Burma; occurs in Tenasserim, according to Hume, who received several specimens from this locality, through the late Mr. Mandelli. This species is found in Cochin China, Siam, and Southern China.
Habits, &c. Dr. John Anderson found this species breeding in May to the east of Bhamo, at Muangla, in a clump of trees. He does not, however, describe the nest nor does he state whether this bird constructs a nest or merely lays its eggs in a hole of a tree.