523. Eulabes religiosa.
The Southern Grackle.
Gracula religiosa, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 164 (1760) ; Blyth, Cat. p. 108. Eulabes religiosa (Linn.), Horsf. M. Cat. ii, p. 522; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 337; Hume, N. & E. p. 435; id, S. F. iv, p. 402 ; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 407 ; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 221; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 682; Hume, Cat. no. 692; Danism, S. F. x, p. 401; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 258 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 363. Mainatus religiosa (Linn.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 99.
The Southern Hill Myna, Jerd.; Kokni maina Hind.; Konda gorinka, Tel.
Coloration. The whole plumage glossy black, most of the primaries with a patch of white at their base; portions of the head bare as shown (fig. 148); the coronal and auricular nude patches joined posteriorly and produced into wattles.
The young are dull black and have no wattles.
Iris brown, the outer edge white, darkly mottled; bill orange-yellow ; legs and feet citron-yellow; lappets and cheek-spot rich yellow, the latter tinged with blue at the upper edge (Legge).
Length about 10; tail 2.8; wing 5.8; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape 1.4.
Distribution. The hilly and well-wooded portions of the southern part of India; Ceylon. This species is rather local, and confined chiefly to the large forests of the western coast of India as far north as Coorg. It is, however, found on the east as far north as Goomsur and the Northern Circars, according to Ball. On the Palni hills it is found between 4000 and 5000 feet, and on the Nilgiris from 4000 feet downwards. In Ceylon, according to Legge, it is not found above 1500 feet. The distribution of this species is not well shown by the series in the British Museum, and its northern limits are difficult to determine.
Habits, &c. Breeds from March to October. The eggs measure about 1.3 by .88, and are generally two in number.