(963) Eulabes javana javana.
The Malay Grackle.
Eulabes javanus Cuvier, Begne Aniin., i, p. 377 (1829) (Java). Eulabes javanensis. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 512.
Vernacular names. Thaleegah (Burma).
Description. A broad patch of white at the base of the primaries ; remainder of plumage black; crown, upper back and scapulars glossed with purple; breast glossed with green and purple and the remaining parts with deep green.*
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill orange-red, coral-red. at the tip and on the culmen ; wattles and bare skin yellow to orange-yellow and more richly coloured in the breeding-season; the patch nearest the eye livid bluish; legs and feet yellow, the claws brownish.
Measurements. Total length about 300 to 310 mm.; wing 172 to 182 mm.; tail 76 to 87 mm. ; tarsus 35 to 36 mm.; culmen 26 to 27 mm. and in depth at the nostrils about 18 to 14-5 mm.
Distribution. Tenasserim South through the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Lat. 12° appears roughly to be the dividing line between this race and the next. Specimens in the British Museum from the South Andamans also appear to belong to this race.
Nidification. Bingham and Hopwood found eggs of this bird in Tenasserim in March and April, and Major J. C. Moulton took eggs for me on Mount Kina Balu, Borneo, in July. The eggs were laid in natural hollows with very little or no attempt at a nest; in appearance they do not differ from those of E. religiosa but are much bigger. The few I have seen vary between 33.0 X 23.6 and 36.1 x 25.5 mm.
Habits. Those of the genus.
* The woodcut shows the division between the two patches in a rather exaggerated degree seldom seen in actual specimens.