525. Eulabes javanensis.
The Malay Grackle.
Corvus javanensis, Osbeck, Voy. to China, i, p. 157 (1771). Eulabes javanus, Cuv. Regne Anim. 2nd ed. i, p. 377 (1828). Gracula javanensis (Osb.), Blyth, Cat. p. 107 (part.); Hume, Cat. no. 693 (part.) ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 393. Eulabes javanensis (Osb.), Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 524 (part.) ; Walden, Ibis, 1871, p. 176. Mainatus javanensis (Osb.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 102.
Coloration. Resembles E. intermedia, but is much larger, with very much more massive bill and legs. The chief difference between the two species, however, consists in the shape and disposition of the naked patches on the side of the head. In E. intermedia the patch under the eye and the one over the ear-coverts are joined together. In E. javanensis the patches are in most cases quite separated by a feathered tract, as shown in the cut (fig. 150). For this cut I have selected a bird in which this feature is marked in an extraordinary degree, but it is more or less the same in other specimens. Some birds, however, have the patches Joined by a narrow line not broader than an ordinary pin. But under no circumstances can the two species be confounded, if well-prepared specimens of each be examined.
Bill orange-vermilion, yellow at the tip ; legs and wattles sulphur-yellow (Wardlaw Ramsay).
Length about 12.5; tail 3.5; wing 6.8; tarsus 1.5; bill from gape 1.6.
Distribution. The extreme south of Tenasserim, probably ranging into the Thoungyeen valley. The Malay peninsula, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo.
Habits, &c. A nest of a Grackle found by Bingham in Tenasserim, judging by the size of the eggs, belonged to this species. It was found in March, and the two eggs it contained measured 1.3 by .95, and 1.27 by .93.